Issue 3 (21) 2013



E.V. Yashurina

Perm State National Research University
15, Bukirev st., Perm, 614990

E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Abstract: This paper suggests that the implementation of the freedom of labor principle in relation to the employer while in the employment relationship, with regard to the audit and assessment of the employee qualifications, and the employer’s limit of freedom, depends on the employer’s legal status. If assigned, the employer's special legal status entails a special legal status of the employee and special employment norms provided by the employer. The presence of the special status allows employers to regulate fully the employment procedure, whilst having an established regulatory framework over the procedure empowers employees to protect their labor rights. Based on these assumptions, the author argues that protection level provided to the employee while in the employment relationship is directly related to the level of freedom extended to the employer over the same relationship. The more extensive entitlements the employer has, the greater are possibilities for employees to protect their rights. Employers who do not have special status enshrined in the centralized rule making, and job applicants likewise, are being in a relationship outside the law in terms of assessment of business skills. The subjects of law are forced into a situation in which it is impossible to fully realize or protect their labor rights. However, the legislator does not seek to resolve this situation, albeit some records of a positive trend are being observed in what concerns the regulation of employers with special legal status. It is concluded that the trend of centralized rule making is to maximize the regulatory framework for employment procedure as related to the employer with special legal status, by legitimizing an extensive list of assessment methods used to test business skills, and the assessment criteria, thereby leaving it for such employers to regulate employment procedures at their discretion and at the level of their structural units. The author observes on the necessity of further empowering the employer with regard to established procedures used to assess employees’ qualifications in order to legalize the local regulatory procedures of employment, legality of skill assessment procedures in order to promote these relations toward the legal field with view to strengthen the protection instruments available to subjects of labor rights relations.

Keywords: audit and assessment of employee qualifications; vacancy competition


Bibliograficheskij spisok

  1. Bugrov L.Ju. Problemy svobody truda v trudovom prave Rossii. Perm', 1992.

  2. Bugrov L.Ju., Nesterova A.V. Rabotodatel'skaja pravodeesposobnost' obshhestvennyh ob#edinenij v Rossii. Vestnik Perm. un-ta. Ser.: Jurid. nauki. 2012. №2. Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy «Konsul'tantPljus».

  3. Bugrov L.Ju. Trudovoj dogovor v Rossii i za rubezhom. Perm', 2013.

  4. Demeneva N.A. Diskriminacija pri trudoustrojstve: social'no-pravovoj aspekt // Jurist. 2007. №5. Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy «Konsul'tant¬Pljus».

  5. Demeneva N.A. Problemy zapreshhenija diskriminacii v sfere naemnogo truda. Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy «Konsul'tantPljus».

  6. Dolova A.Z. Pravovye formy proverki kvalifikacii rabotnika i ih posledstvija. Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy «Konsul'tantPljus».

  7. Kruchinin A.V. Juridicheskie fakty i ih sostavy, obuslavlivajushhie vozniknovenie individual'nyh trudovyh otnoshenij v Rossii: dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. Perm', 2003.

  8. O gosudarstvennoj grazhdanskoj sluzhbe Rossijskoj Federacii: federal'nyj zakon №79-FZ ot 7 ijulja 2004. Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy «Konsul'tantPljus».

  9. O gosudarstvennyh i municipal'nyh predprijatijah: federal'nyj zakon RF №161-FZ ot 14 nojabrja 2002 g. Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy «Konsul'tantPljus».

  10. O pravilah razrabotki, utverzhdenija i primenenija professional'nyh standartov: postanovlenie Pravitel'stva Ros. Federacii ot 22 janvarja 2013 g. №23: Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy «Konsul'tantPljus».

  11. Orlovskij Ju.P. Reforma trudovogo zakonodatel'stva prodolzhaetsja // Zhurnal Hozjajstvo i pravo. 2013. №6. S. 4–5.

  12. Orlovskij Ju.P. Realizacija principov trudovogo prava – vazhnoe uslovie ego dal'nejshego razvitija // Trudovoe pravo. 2011. №1. Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy «Konsul'tantPljus».

  13. Pashkov A.S. Differenciacija trudovogo zakonodatel'stva // Trudovoe pravo: jenciklopedicheskij slovar' / pod red. S.A. Ivanova. M., 1979.

  14. Sennikov N.M. Otkaz v prieme na rabotu: uroki sudebnoj praktiki // Trudovoe pravo. 2009. №4. Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy «Konsul'tantPljus».

  15. Trudovoj kodeks Ros. Federacii. Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy «Konsul'tantPljus».

  16. Chikanova L. Prava rabotnikov i rabotodatelej pri postuplenii (prieme) na rabotu. Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy «Konsul'tantPljus».

  17. Jashurina E.V. Osnovnye osobennosti pravootnoshenij po trudoustrojstvu v Rossii: dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. Perm', 2003. 175 s.




The Perm State University
614990, Perm, street Bukireva, 15
+7 (342) 2 396 275
ISSN 1995-4190 ISSN (eng.) 2618-8104
ISSN (online) 2658-7106
DOI 10.17072/1995-4190
(с) Editorial board, 2010
The magazine is registered in Federal Agency of supervision in sphere of communication and mass communications.
The certificate on registration of mass media ПИ № ФС77-33087 from September, 5th, 2008
The certificate on reregistration of mass media ПИ № ФС77-53189 from Marth, 14th, 2013

The magazine is included in List ВАК and in the Russian index of scientific citing

The founder & Publisher: the State educational institution of the higher training
“The Perm State University”.
Publishing 4 times a year