Perm University Herald. Juridical Sciences. 2016. Issue 4 (34)

Title: CLOSED TERRITORIAL FORMATIONS IN MODERN RUSSIA: “BURNING ISSUES” OF LEGAL REGULATION
Authors:

Mikheeva I.V.,
Higher School of Economics (Nizhny Novgorod branch)

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ORCID: 0000–0001–9323–6511 ResearcherID: B–4214–2014
Статьи автора в БД «Scopus» и «Web of Science»:      

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Cherkasov K.V.
Nizhny Novgorod Institute of Management of Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration

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ORCID: 0000–0002–9754–9619 ResearcherID: G–3785–2016
Статьи автора в БД «Scopus» и «Web of Science»:      

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Requisites: Mikheeva I. V. Cherkasov K. V. «Bolevye tochki» zakrytyh territorij v sovremennoj Rossii [Closed Territorial Formations in Modern Russia: “Burning Issues” of Legal Regulation]. Vestnik Permskogo Universiteta. Juridicheskie Nauki – Perm University Herald. Juridical Sciences. 2016. Issue 34. Pp. 379–390. (In Russ.). DOI: 10.17072/1995-4190-2016-34-379-390
DOI: 10.17072/1995-4190-2016-34-379-390
Annotation: Introduction: the article considers peculiarities of closed administrative-territorial formations (ZATO) functioning through the prism of three blocks of legal relations connected with the restriction of citizens’ constitutional rights and freedoms, with the peculiarities of ZATO socio-economic development, and with the protection of state and public security. Purpose: to characterize problems of legal support for ZATO regime and to identify directions of the further development for ZATO. Methods: a complex of general scientific methods and approaches is used: system, dialectic, genetic, structural functional, induction and deduction, analysis and synthesis, abstracting, concretization, etc.; also the formal legal method is used as a specific scientific method. Results: the main problems of the ZATO regime implementation are revealed, the future development of the legal maintenance of this regime functioning is specified. Conclusions: to overcome the vagueness of the legal regulation of the ZATO administrative-legal regime the following measures are required: to unify approaches to the maintenance of the ZATO regime; to use innovative potentialities of social and economic development of the closed areas (to use cluster strategies, to attract private business, etc.); to enshrine in law all the categories of citizens entitled by the federal legislation to enter a ZATO area; to define the nature of coercive measures established in municipal acts and applied to a violator of the ZATO regime, to consider their relation with measures of administrative responsibility established in the Code of Administrative Offences of the Russian Federation.
Keywords: closed administrative-territorial formation (ZATO); legal regime; limitation of rights; access mode; administrative responsibility; coercive measures; ZATO economic development, security
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