Issue 2 (20) 2013

Filchenko COMPROMISE AS THE Criminal Legal Regulation Method

COMPROMISE AS THE Criminal Legal Regulation Method

A.P. Filchenko

Academy of Federal service ofexecution of punishments
1, Sennaya st., Ryazan, 390000
E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

In article the author describes an origin of the concept of a compromise in the state and crime relations. It is proved that in modern conditions the compromise in criminal law is necessary. The modern assessment of validity of the criminal-law compromise, defined by the compelled nature of its application is offered. The maintenance of a compromise as specific rather independent relations reveals. The object of a compromise in criminal law − the fixed amount of mitigation or responsibility elimination is formulated. As subjects of a compromise act the state represented by competent authorities and the person, going to commit the crime which has made it, or being in a condition of commission of crime. The analysis of standards of the criminal code of Russian Federation allowed the author to establish six types of the concessions making conditions of a compromise: 1) voluntary refusal of commission of crime; 2) the termination of a lasting crime; 3) the message on the preparing or committed crime, its prevention or suppression, active contribution to disclosure and crime investigation; 4) performance of the actions making circumstances, commuting punishment; 5) exit to cooperation with law enforcement agencies; 6) fault recognition in commission of crime. The criminal-law compromise is considered the person of conditions of the criminal-law and legal transaction fixed in standard of the criminal law or provided by the pre-judicial cooperation agreement reached at the time of acceptance. Non-performance of terms of transaction cancels it.

It is necessary to consider as the compromise the norms consolidated by the following articles of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation: h. 2 Art. 31 (except for preparation for commission of crime of small or average weight), part.1−2 and 4−5 of the paragraph 62, paragraph 126, 127.1, 184, 198, 199, 199.1. 204, 205, 205.1, 206, 208, 210, 222, 223, 228, 228.3. 275, 276, 278, 282.1, 291, 291.1, 282.2. and paragraph 307.

The maintenance of a criminal-law compromise is made by the rights and duties of subjects of legal relationship of criminal liability which fully correspond each other. In this regard h. 2 Art. 75 of the criminal code of Russian Federation have the compromise nature, and its stay at incentive institute of active repentance contradicts legislative equipment. It is necessary to recognize transformation of all incentive norms available in the criminal law to the compromise as the unreasonable decision destroying educational function of the criminal law.


Keywords: compromise in criminal law; release from criminal liability; voluntary refusal of commission of crime; the transaction about fault recognition; the circumstances commuting punishment

 

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