Issue 2 (20) 2013

Moskalev THE OBJECT OF A CRIME PROVIDED BY THE ARTICLE 357 OF THE CRIMINAL CODE OF RUSSIAN FEDERATION (GENOCIDE)

THE OBJECT OF A CRIME PROVIDED BY THE ARTICLE 357 OF THE CRIMINAL CODE OF RUSSIAN FEDERATION (GENOCIDE)

G.L. Moskalev

Siberian Federal University
79, Svobodny st., Krasnoyarsk, 660041
e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

In this article the content of an object of a crime of genocide is discovered. The theoretical problems connected with a defying of the object of the crime of genocide are examined. The analysis of scientific positions about the subject of investigation takes place. The social danger of genocide is discovered. Therefore, the social essence of genocide which results all its other aspects is described. The object is investigated in the widely used in the criminal law of Russian Federation classifications by the level of generalization of the social relations protected by the criminal law, and by the principality of legal protection of the criminal law. The problem of a specific object of genocide is stated. The security of a mankind is recognized as a specific object of genocide. The security of racial, ethnical, religious and national groups is recognized as a direct object of the investigated crime. Definitions of racial, ethnical, religious and national groups are given. The security of these groups is also the primary object of genocide in classification of objects by the principality of legal protection of the criminal law. The peculiarities of this object of an infliction on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part as method of commitment of a crime of genocide are discerned. The characteristics which differ the primary object of forcibly transferring children of the group to another group as method of commitment of a crime of genocide from primary objects of the other methods of commitment of genocide are examined. The attempt to defy the majority of additional objects of the crime of genocide in classification of objects by the principality of legal protection of the criminal law takes place. Then the personal liberty is recognized as an additional object of a genocide committed by forcibly transferring children of the group to another group. This object is not affected by genocide committed with other methods. Therefore it is additional facultative. The equality of rights and liberties of a man and a citizen, independently on his (her) national, racial, ethnical or religious belongings are also recognized as an additional facultative object of a crime of genocide. It is affected when genocide is committed with so called extremist motives, whereas genocide can be committed with any motives. The ways for modernization of the norm of the criminal liability for the crime of genocide are proposed.


Keywords: genocide; object of a crime; classification of objects; criminal law

 

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