Issue 2 (20) 2013

KhudoleyDM_ABOUT THE SUBJECT AND THE METHOD OF THE COMPARATIVE CONSTITUTIONAL LAW

ABOUT THE SUBJECT AND THE METHOD OF THE COMPARATIVE CONSTITUTIONAL LAW

D.M. Khudoley

Perm State National Research University
15, Bukirev st., Perm, 614990
E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

In work the short comparative analysis of a constitutional law of the countries of the world on which basis uniform criteria for their classification are allocated is carried out. Research of the countries of Europe, Asia, Africa, the Near East, Northern and Southern Americas, Ocenia has allowed to allocate typical signs of the states of these regions. In the countries of Europe parliamentary republics (in the Western Europe), the mixed republics (in the Central Europe) and parliamentary monarchy (in Northern Europe) prevail. In America parliamentary monarchy of Westminster type (In northern America) and presidential federal republics (in the South America) prevail. In the Near East rather secular states in northern part of region, Muslim superpresidential republics in the countries of Maghrib and theocratic absolute monarchies of Arabian peninsula are allocated. In Africa it is possible to allocate the authoritative states of Tropical Africa and rather democratic states of Southern Africa. In Asia it is allocated two basic groups of the states: socialist (East Asia) and bourgeois (Southern Asia). In Ocenia the practical all states are parliamentary monarchy of Westminster type with the mixed legal family. Special signs have also the CIS countries. Results of the given analysis prove existence of a comparative constitutional law as independent science. The author defines characteristics of a complex method of a comparative constitutional law. In the modern world of the state in various parts of the world differ on a number of signs, the main things from them are an accessory to a legal family and geographical criterion. Unlike a science of comparative private law, in comparative constitutional the right the geographical sign plays the important role, owing to it the science can be called comparative constitutional geography. According to the author, a subject of comparative constitutional geography is knowledge of distribution of models of regulation of the constitutional relations in various regions of the countries of the world.


Keywords: a comparative constitutional law; comparative constitutional geography; comparative jurisprudence

 

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