Issue 2 (20) 2013

Didenko LOW SIGNIFFICANCE OF ADMINISTRATIVE OFFENCE CASES IN THE CURRENCY LAW SPHERE

LOW SIGNIFFICANCE OF ADMINISTRATIVE OFFENCE CASES
IN THE CURRENCY LAW SPHERE

А.N. Didenko

Perm State National Research University
15, Bukirev st., Perm, 614990
E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

The article is devoted to the actual problem of the low significance application for the administrative offence cases in the currency law sphere. The author tries to discover the special characteristics of the low significance institution realization in the sphere in question through the general analysis of this institution with the account for a definite case practice.

In the article it is pointed out that the category of “the crime low significance”, has been one of the most disputable for many years both in the administrative law theory and in the law enforcement practice. The author reasonably explains that the administrative offence low significance institution allows not to bring the offender to liability in case it does not comply with the purpose of the liability. With this is it pointed out that in every particular case the issue of the low-significance degree should be solved individually.

In the author’s opinion, every decision of that kind is based on the evaluation of the subjective and objective factors. This evaluation allows for the defining of the low-significance degree and the social danger of the crime.

The attention should be given to the author’s position in accordance with which the low significance of the crime is the evaluative dimension, this providing for the necessity to take into account all the case background for every specific case.

In the article it is reasonably mentioned that the administrative bodies, using the administrative enforcement, continue to ignore the low significance institution, considering its usage to be the exclusive right of the arbitration courts and the general jurisdiction courts. The reason of such attitude is a very evaluative character of the low-significance features, and this, in its turn, does not allow the administrative bodies and their officials to provide simultaneously for the crime preventive care and to fulfill the “fines plan”.

The author makes a conclusion that the low significance is an exceptional institution. With this it is noted that a verbal warning due to the low-significance can be applied only in exceptional cases properly justified by the court for the circumstances of the particular crime independently of the offence elements.


 Keywords: administrative liability; low significance; transaction passport; exchange operations; non-resident

 

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