Issue 2 (20) 2013

Chernyadyeva WAS THERE TERRORISM IN THE ANCIENT WORLD? ON THE ISSUE OF THE BACKGROUND AND THE FACTORS OF THE MODERN TERRORISM FORMATION

WAS THERE TERRORISM IN THE ANCIENT WORLD? ON THE ISSUE OF THE BACKGROUND AND THE FACTORS OF THE MODERN TERRORISM FORMATION

N.A. Chernyadyeva

Perm State National Research University
15, Bukirev st., Perm, 614990
E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

The article is devoted to the historical roots of modern international terrorism. The author analyzes the evolution of the political, mostly international, violence in the ancient world. The article shows that the violent methods of political influence were widely used in ancient times. Terrorism, as a way of managing society, was known states of ancient Egypt, ancient city, the Roman Empire. It is shown that the terror mostly worn state, the legal character at a time. It is proved that the premises and the elements of terrorism as a socio-political phenomenon evolved in ancient times, but do not have to talk about the independent nature of terrorism in that period of history. Some people find it in the violent activities of the ancient signs of terrorist activity. This view is not undisputed. Political violence existed in ancient times as a rather amorphous, devoid of internal structure, targeted nature of the phenomenon. There is no doubt that the old political struggle was accompanied by violent actions, but to talk about the independent nature of terrorism in that time is artificially isolate him, to give him an inflated political and legal assessment. The ancients were familiar with the state revolts, coups overbearing, liberation performances criminal murders, other violent acts that attended some signs of terrorist acts. However, they were deprived of core trait of terrorism – they were not aimed at the implementation of a major terrorist targets: the impact of political power through the creation of a climate of fear in the community.

Society was not ready to accept a terrorist sending information. Prerequisites out: large social groups are not formed, social and ethnic identity was not generated, social ties were formed. Thus, it appears that in the ancient world, it is logical to speak only about the elements of terrorism in political and legal practice, the process of formation of terrorism as an independent phenomenon.


Keywords: international terrorism; violence; terror; Antiquity; Sicarii

 

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