Perm University Herald. Juridical Sciences. 2018. Issue 2 (40)

Title: OWNERLESSNESS OF THINGS: DE JURE vs. DE FACTO
Authors:

Y. V. Vinichenko, Baikal State University

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
ORCID: 0000-0003-0533-6526 ResearcherID: C-7181-2018
Articles of «Scopus» & «Web of Science»:       10.17150/1996-7756.2015.9(4).661-673
10.17150/2500-4255.2017.11(4).844-849
10.17072/1995-4190-2015-4-34-46 
Requisites: Vinichenko Y. V. Beskhozyaynost’ veshchey: de jure vs. de facto [Ownerlessness of Things: De Jure vs. De Facto]. Vestnik Permskogo Universiteta. Juridicheskie Nauki – Perm University Herald. Juridical Sciences. 2018. Issue 40. Pp. 225–239. (In Russ.). DOI: 10.17072/1995-4190-2018-40-225-239
DOI: 10.17072/1995-4190-2018-40-225-239
Annotation:

Introduction: the article presents critical analysis of the concept “ownerless thing”, which is of topical interest due to the controversial nature of some theoretical aspects of the subject as well as due to the general social significance of the problem of ownerless things at present. Purpose: based on the analysis of legal and doctrinal provisions and case materials, to develop a concept of ownerless things which would conform with other provisions of the current legislation and would make it possible to solve problems arising in connection with determining the future of ownerless things in practice. Methods: formal-logical, historical, comparative, dogmatic; some of the inferences are based on the functional approach. Results: the legal definition included in the rule of Cl. 1 Art. 225 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation and connecting ownerlessness of a thing solely with the question of the right of ownership to it fails to correspond with some other rules and regulations (in particular, par. 2 Art. 236 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation) and fails to comply with the needs of modern society, as it only assumes the statement of the legal ownerlessness of a certain thing, with vagueness in questions of its keeping, maintaining, repairing and legal responsibility in case of its harmful impact. Conclusions: ownerlessness of a thing ought to be understood as de facto state of this thing, without regard to the right of ownership to it, under which condition, the thing is in possession of nobody and (or) it has no claim from a certain person. Therefore, a thing which has its owner cannot be considered an ownerless one. Moreover, such understanding corresponds with the intended legislative consolidation of the provisions on possession as de facto and its defense in the Civil Code of the Russian Federation.

Keywords: ownerless thing; ownerlessness of things; state registration of ownerless immovable property; abandoned property items; dereliction; grounds for the acquisition of the right of ownership; possession; acquisitive prescription; liability; civil circulation
  download the full-version article
References: 1. Alekseev S. S. Pravo: azbuka – teoriya – filosofiya: Opyt kompleksnogo issledovaniya [Law: Basis – Theory – Philosophy: Experience of Complex Research]. Moscow, 1999. 712 p. (In Russ.).
2. Bedin B. M. K voprosu tselepolaganiya pri upravlenii munitsipal'noy sobstvennost'yu [About the Determination of the Objective in the Municipal Property Management]. Izvestiya IGEA – Izvestiya of Irkutsk State Economics Academy. 2009. Issue 1(63). Pp. 83–86. (In Russ.).
3. Vakulina G. A. Pravovoe regulirovanie rynka tsennykh bumag: ucheb. posobie [Legal Regulation of the Securities Market: Training Manual]. Irkutsk, 2003. 123 p. (In Russ.).
4. Vas'kovskiy E. V. Uchebnik grazhdanskogo prava [Textbook of Civil Law]. Moscow, 2003. 382 p. (In Russ.).
5. Znamenskiy S. Beskhozyaynoe i beskhozyay-stvennoe imushchestvo [Ownerless and Mismanaged Property]. Ezhenedel'nik sovetskoy yustitsii – Weekly of Soviet Justice. Moscow, 1927. Issue 24 (June 22). Pp. 728–730. (In Russ.).
6. Ignat'eva I. A. Pravovoe obespechenie likvidatsii nakoplennogo vreda okruzhayushchey srede [Legal Support for the Elimination of Accumulated Environmental Damage]. Rossiyskiy yuridicheskiy zhurnal – Russian Juridical Journal. 2017. Issue 2. Pp. 164–177. (In Russ.).
7. Ioffe O. S. Izbrannye trudy: v 4 t. Tom II. Sovet¬skoe grazhdanskoe pravo [Selectas: in 4 vols. Vol. II Soviet Civil Law]. St. Petersburg, 2004. 511 p. (In Russ.).
8. Kavelin K. D. Prava i obyazannosti po imushchestvam i obyazatel'stvam (v primenenii k russkomu zakonodatel'stvu: Opyt sistematicheskogo obozreniya) [Rights and Duties over Properties and Warranties (in application to Russian Legislation: Experience of Systematic Review)]. Kavelin K. D. Izbrannye proizve¬deniya po grazhdanskomu pravu [Selected Works on Civil Law]. Moscow, 2003. Pp. 176–666. (In Russ.).
9. Klyaus N. V. Priznanie prava sobstvennosti na beskhozyaynuyu nedvizhimuyu veshch' po GPK RF [Declaration of Title to Ownerless Real Thing under the Code of Civil Procedure of the Russian Federation]. Arbitrazhnyy i grazhdanskiy protsess – Arbitrazh and Civil Procedure. 2017. Issue 1. Pp. 38–41. (In Russ.).
10. Laskina N. V., Nikulinskaya N. F., Rogale-va M. A., Yakovenko E. V. Kommentariy k podrazdelu IV «Osoboe proizvodstvo» razdela II Grazhdanskogo protsessual'nogo kodeksa Rossiyskoy Federatsii ot 14 noyabrya 2002 g. No. 138-FZ (postateynyy) [Commentary to Subsection IV "Special Proceedings" of Section II of the Civil Procedural Code of the Russian Federation No. 138-FZ of November 14, 2002 (article by article)]. Access from the legal reference system "ConsultantPlus". (In Russ.).
11. Meyer D. I. Russkoe grazhdanskoe pravo [Russian Civil Law]. Moscow, 2000. 831 p. (In Russ.).
12. Ozhegov S. I., Shvedova N. Y. Tolkovyy slovar' russkogo yazyka [Explanatory Dictionary of the Russian Language]. Moscow, 1999. 944 p. (In Russ.).
13. Petrov D. A. Ob"ekty elektrosetevogo khozyaystva kak beskhozyaynye veshchi [Objects of Transmission Facilities as Ownerless Things]. Available at: http://ppt.ru/news/111827 (accessed 08.01.2018). (In Russ.).
14. Pobedonostsev K. P. Kurs grazhdanskogo pra¬va. Pervaya chast': Votchinnye prava [Course on Civil Law. Part I: Patrimonial Rights]. Moscow, 2002. 800 p. (In Russ.).
15. Raynikov A. S. Stabil'nost' grazhdanskogo oborota: kontury sudebnoy praktiki [Stability of Civil Circulation: Contours of Judicial Practice]. Zashchita chastnykh prav: problemy teorii i praktiki: materialy 3-y ezhegod. mezhdunar. nauch.-prakt. konf. (Irkutsk, 19–20 sent. 2014 g.); pod red. N. P. Aslanyan, Y. V. Vi¬nichenko [Protection of Private Rights: Problems of Theory and Practice: Materials of the 3rd Annual International Scientific-Practical Conf. (Irkutsk, September 19–20, 2014); ed. by N. P. Aslanyan, Y. V. Vinichenko]. Irkutsk, 2014. Pp. 93–96. (In Russ.).
16. Rudov M. V. Sistemnye nedostatki pravovogo regulirovaniya priobreteniya prava sobstvennosti po davnosti vladeniya, na beskhozyaynye veshchi i vymorochnoe imushchestvo primenitel'no k vozniknoveniyu doli v prave dolevoy sobstvennosti [Systemic disadvan¬tages of legal system regulation of acquisition of ownership by prescription ownership, to ownerless things and escheat applied in law shared ownership]. Imushchestvennye otnosheniya v Rossiyskoy Federatsii – Property Relations in the Russian Federation. 2017. Issue 1. Pp. 85–91. (In Russ.).
17. Semenov D. O. Perenos granits ekspluatatsionnoy otvetstvennosti po initsiative sobstvennika nezhilogo zdaniya [Transfer of Boundaries of Operational Responsibility on the Initiative of the Owner of Non-Residential Premises]. Zhi¬lishchno-kommunal'noe khozyaystvo: bukhgal¬terskiy uchet i nalogooblozhenie – Housing and Communal Utilities: Accounting and Taxation. 2017. Issue 3. Pp. 67–75. (In Russ.).
18. Sergeev A. P. Pravovoy rezhim beskhozyay-nogo i beskhozyaystvenno soderzhimogo imu¬shchestva: avtoref. dis. ... kand. yurid. nauk [Legal Regime of Ownerless and Mismanaged Property: Synopsis of Cand. jurid. sci. diss.]. Leningrad, 1982. 24 p. (In Russ.).
19. Khaskel'berg B. L., Rovnyy V. V. Vymorochnye nasledstva: monografiya [Escheated Property: Monograph]. Irkutsk, 2013. 125 p. (In Russ.).
20. Shershenevich G. F. Kurs grazhdanskogo pra¬va [Course on Civil Law]. Tula, 2001. 720 p. (In Russ.).
21. Voirin P., Goubeaux G. Droit civil [Civil Law]. Vol. I. 32nd ed. Paris, 2009. 792 p. (In French).
Received: 30.04.2018
Financing: ---

 


     

      

 
The Perm State University
614990, Perm, street Bukireva, 15
+7 (342) 2 396 275, +7 963 012 6422
vesturn@yandex.ru
ISSN 1995-4190 ISSN (eng.) 2618-8104
ISSN (online) 2658-7106
DOI 10.17072/1995-4190
(с) Editorial board, 2010
The magazine is registered in Federal Agency of supervision in sphere of communication and mass communications.
The certificate on registration of mass media ПИ № ФС77-33087 from September, 5th, 2008
The certificate on reregistration of mass media ПИ № ФС77-53189 from Marth, 14th, 2013

The magazine is included in List ВАК and in the Russian index of scientific citing

The founder & Publisher: the State educational institution of the higher training
“The Perm State University”.
Publishing 4 times a year