Issue 4 (22) 2013

Altukhova_SPECIFICS OF Civil Legal Liability of Persons Participating in a Legal Entity Body

SPECIFICS OF Civil Legal Liability of Persons Participating in a Legal Entity Body

S.M. Altukhova

Volgograd state university
100, Universitetsky Avenue, Volgograd, 400062
E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Abstract: The article reveals some specific characteristics of the civil liability of the persons belonging to any legal entity body. The author analyzes the proposed changes to the Civil Code of the Russian Federation. In particular, we consider short stories illustrating responsibility of a person authorized to act on behalf of an organization. The concepts of conscientiousness and reasonableness are viewed with regard to behavior of a person who acts according to the law or the constituent documents of the legal entity on its behalf.

The question of essence of responsibility of the person which a part of body of the legal entity and has caused losses is taken up, what legal nature of responsibility it carries.

The author proves that a person, being a member of the legal entity, is no doubt bound with it by civil legal obligations, not just the employment contract. One cannot say that the director of the organization is just an employee. Head of legal entity of any legal form is always authorized with a certain amount of responsibilities, which he carries out on their own. Despite the possible limitations on autonomy of his activities, it is the leader who largely determines at least the tactics if not the strategy of the entity’s behavior.

Thus, the author comes to the conclusion that there are two series of largely overlapping relationships between the person belonging to the legal entity body and the entity itself – both civil and labor ones.

The analysis of the statements concerning the specifics of civil law liability carried out by the researcher allowed to form a viewpoint on the merits of the investigated problem.


 Keywords: civil liability; body of the legal entity; losses; fault; illegality; conscientiousness; reasonableness; conflict; labor relations and actions of the head

 

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