Issue 4 (22) 2013

KasatkinSN_LEGITIMATE LEGAL ACTIONS: DEFINITION, SIGNS, TYPES

LEGITIMATE LEGAL ACTIONS: DEFINITION, SIGNS, TYPES

S.N. Kasatkin

Law faculty University of Nizhni Novgorod
4, Ashhabadskaja, Nizhni Novgorod, 603115
E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Abstract: The article is devoted to the classification of the legal juridical actions. The author reveals the existing science approaches to classification, types of lawful action, as well as formulates his own criterion of their division. Conditionally on the content requirements producible by the norms of civil law to the legal acts the during their legal qualification, the legal actions are classified by the author on the legal acts and deeds.

It is during the legal qualification, than comparing the two spheres of the legal action being is taken place The result of this ratio may be different. If all the signs of the legal actions embodied in the laws are found in the factual sphere, than such act of activity qualifies as a legal fact, leading to the legal consequences. However, the result of qualification can be contrary. The action, which is not appropriate the requirements that are set for it in the law, or do not enter into the sphere of validity or recognized as the unlawful action.

Thus, the result of the legal qualification is directly dependent on those requirements that the law imposes on the natural extralegal characteristics and properties of the act of activity. In other words, the legal consequences of an act entirely depend on the results of comparison of actual signs of those act of activity with its ideal form.

Lawful action in civil law is an act of activity, executed by such unforbidden by the law way that lead to legal consequences, contributed achieving economic goals. Depending on the requirements content of the norms of civil law to the legal acts during their legal qualification, the legal actions may be classified on legal acts and deeds.


Keywords: legal actions; legal facts; legal act; deed; the transaction; legal qualification; will; legal purpose; classification; legal form


Bibliograficheskij spisok

  1. Agarkov M.M. Ponjatie sdelki po sovetskomu grazhdanskomu pravu // Izbrannye trudy po grazhdanskomu pravu: v 2 t. T. 1: Social'naja cennost' chastnogo prava i otdel'nyh institutov obshhej chasti grazhdanskogo prava. M.: Statut, 2012. 428 c.

  2. Alekseev S.S. Obshhaja teorija prava: uchebnik. M.: TK «Velbi», Izd-vo «Prospekt», 2008. 480 s.

  3. Vlasenko V.N. Juridicheskaja kvalifikacija: kriterii delenija i vidy // Zhurnal ros. prava. 2009. №7. S. 121−130.

  4. Grazhdanskoe pravo: uchebnik; v 2 t. / otv. red. E.A. Suhanov. M.: Volters Kluver, 2008. T. 1. 740 s.

  5. Zinchenko S.A. Juridicheskie fakty v mehanizme pravovogo regulirovanija. M.: Vol'ters Kluver, 2007. 152 s.

  6. Isakov V.B. Juridicheskie fakty v sovetskom prave. M.: Jurid. lit., 1984. 144 s.

  7. Kozlova N.V., Filippova S.Ju. Reshenie sobranija: juridicheskij fakt grazhdanskogo prava? (Kommentarij izmenenij, vnesennyh v stat'i 8 i 12 GK RF) // Zakonodatel'stvo. 2013. №6. S. 20−29.

  8. Krasavchikov O.A. Juridicheskie fakty v sovetskom grazhdanskom prave. M.: Gosjurizdat, 1958. 183 s.

  9. Lazarev V.V. Primenenie sovetskogo prava. Kazan': Izd-vo Kazan. un-ta, 1972. 200 s.

  10. Pokrovskij I.A. Juridicheskie sdelki v proekte Grazhdanskogo ulozhenija // Vestnik prava. 1904. Janv. Kn. I. S. 82−101.

  11. Postanovlenie Odinnadcatogo arbitrazhnogo apelljacionnogo suda ot 24 dek. 2012 g. po delu №A65-13061/2012; postanovlenie Federal'nogo arbitrazhnogo suda Povolzhskogo okruga ot 2 okt. 2013 g. po delu № A 57-1313/2013 [Jelektronnyj resurs]. Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy «Konsul'tantPljus».

  12. Rozhkova M.A. Teorii juridicheskih faktov grazhdanskogo i processual'nogo prava: ponjatija, klassifikacii, osnovy vzaimodejstvija: dis. … d-ra jurid. nauk. M., 2010. 418 s.

  13. Savin'i F.K. fon. Sistema sovremennogo rimskogo prava: v 8 t. / per. s nem. G. Zhigulina; pod red. O. Kutateladze, V. Zubarja. M.: Statut; Odessa: Centr issledovanija prava im. Savin'i, 2012. T. 2. 573 s.

  14. Subbotin A.L. Klassifikacija. M.: IF RAN, 2001. 94 s.

  15. Tolkovyj slovar' russkogo jazyka: ok. 30 000 slov / pod red. D.N. Ushakova. M.: Astrel'; AST: Hranitel', 2008. 349 s.

  16. Chegovadze L.A. O dogovorah i sdelkah kak juridicheskih faktah // Zakony Rossii: opyt, analiz, praktika. 2013. №6. S. 12−21.

  17. Chegovadze L.A. O normativno-volevyh osnovanijah i pravovyh formah dejstvij, priznavaemyh sdelkami // Zakony Rossii: opyt, analiz, praktika. 2012. №3. S. 101−105.

  18. Chegovadze L.A. Faktoring – sdelka pod ustupku imushhestvennogo prava // Hozjajstvo i pravo. 2001. №12. S. 53−64.

  19. Jakushev P.A. Pravoobrazujushhie akty i postupki v mehanizme pravovogo regulirovanija: dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. M, 2004. 165 s.

 


      

      

 
The Perm State University
614990, Perm, street Bukireva, 15
+7 (342) 2 396 275, +7 963 012 6422
vesturn@yandex.ru
ISSN 1995-4190
(с) Editorial board, 2010
Publishing 4 times a year
The magazine is registered in Federal Agency of supervision in sphere of communication and mass communications.
The certificate on registration of mass media ПИ № ФС77-33087 from September, 5th, 2008
The certificate on reregistration of mass media ПИ № ФС77-53189 from Marth, 14th, 2013

The magazine is included in List ВАК and in РИНЦ (the Russian index of scientific citing)

The founder: the State educational institution of the higher vocational training
“The Perm State University”.