Issue 4 (18) 2012

FrolovaPetrenko LEGAL FRAMEWORK FOR INNOVATION Activity of Business Entities Providing Energy Efficiency: Assessment of Prospects in Improving the Competitiveness on the Global Market

LEGAL FRAMEWORK FOR INNOVATION Activity of Business Entities Providing Energy Efficiency: Assessment of Prospects in Improving the Competitiveness on the Global Market

N.V. Frolova

Nizhnevartovsk Economics and Law Institute
13-a, Druzhby Narodov st., Nizhnevartovsk, 628600
E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

S.V. Petrenko

Tyumen State University
38 Lenina st., Tyumen, 625003
E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

The article is devoted to the legal regulation of business activities in the field of energy efficiency, the lag on the main innovation’s indicators of advanced countries is emphasized. It is obvious that Russia needs to overcome the dependence of the raw materials for sustained economic growth, which is only possible with the government assistance to the rise of high technology products’ competitiveness.

The transition to the newest ways of doing business in the energy sector is extremely expensive at least because of the magnitude of the required reforms at enterprises. Therefore the author points to the need for government support to encourage and promote the transition to an innovative economy and energy efficiency’s development.

The updated law "On energy saving and energy efficiency improvements and on amending certain legislative acts of the Russian Federation", containing additional scope of legal regulation of energy efficiency and conservation, should be admitted to be insufficient, since it obviously does not solve all assigned tasks in this area, declarative and incomplete, overwhelmed with blanket provisions that reference the nonexistent yet complex of bylaws. Provided provisions are either difficult to implement or not sufficiently popularized, such as a new form of civil contract, the energy service contract.

The legislator has also left without attention the scope of construction, including housing, despite the fact that the share of energy consumption of existing residential buildings higher than 40% of world primary energy’s consumption and therefore it is essential to pay attention to energy efficiency in this area. Legislative design necessary for the so-called "green building” has been already built in the developed western countries. The article examines a number of preferences and incentives of tax systems in these countries (particularly USA) for those entrepreneurs, who actively implementing energy-efficient technologies, that can be embedded in the Russian legal system.

Thus, it is necessary to recognize the inadequacy of steps toward a more progressive legal regulation of business innovation activities in the area of ​​energy efficiency, which could affect adversely the competitiveness of Russia in the global energy market. The main prospects for raising the competitiveness will obviously demand further legislation specification in the area of energy efficiency.


Keywords: energy efficiency; energy saving; innovation; renewable energy sources; energy strategy; energy service contract; "green building"

 

Bibliograficheskij spisok

  1. Bjudzhetnoe poslanie Prezidenta RF Federal'nomu Sobraniju ot 29 ijunja 2011 g. «O bjudzhetnoj politike v 2012–2014 godah» // Parlament. gaz. 2011. №32.

  2. Gordeeva O.V. Principy jeffektivnogo nalogovogo regulirovanija [Jelektronnyj resurs]. Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy «Konsul'tantPljus».

  3. Gorodov R.V., Gubin V.E., Matveev A.S. Netradicionnye i vozobnovljaemye istochniki jenergii: ucheb. posobie [Jelektronnyj resurs]. Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy «Konsul'tantPljus».

  4. Eremenko V.I. Ob innovacionnom razvitii jekonomiki Rossijskoj Federacii // Zakonodatel'stvo i jekonomika. 2010. №12. S. 10.

  5. Indikatory innovacionnoj dejatel'nosti: stat. sb. M.: GU VShJe, 2007. 400 s.

  6. Krohina Ju.A. Novye sub#ekty i osobennosti srokov ispolnenija nalogovoj objazannosti [Jelektronnyj resurs]. Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy «Konsul'tantPljus».

  7. Krutik A.B., Reshetova M.V. Osnovy predprinimatel'skoj dejatel'nosti. 3-e izd. M.: Akademija, 2008.

  8. Kurbatova O.V. Principy nalogovoj sistemy [Jelektronnyj resurs]. Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy «Konsul'tantPljus».

  9. Ljalina Zh.I. Nalogovyj kredit v finansovom mehanizme stimulirovanija investicionnoj dejatel'nosti: na primere Primorskogo kraja: avtoref. dis. ... kand. jekon. nauk. Vladivostok, 2004.

  10. O vnesenii izmenenij v stat'ju 13 Federal'nogo zakona «Ob jenergosberezhenii i o povyshenii jenergeticheskoj jeffektivnosti i o vnesenii izmenenij v otdel'nye zakonodatel'nye akty Rossijskoj Federacii»: Feder. zakon Ros. Federacii ot 11 ijulja 2011 g. №197-FZ // Ros. gaz. 2011. №5529.

  11. O Strategii nacional'noj bezopasnosti Rossijskoj Federacii do 2020 goda: ukaz Prezidenta Ros. Federacii ot 12 maja 2009 g. №537 // Sobr. zakonodatel'stva Ros. Federacii. 2009. №20, st. 2444.

  12. Ob innovacionnom centre «Ckolkovo»: Feder zakon Ros. Federacii ot 28 sent 2010 g. №244-FZ // Ros. gaz. 2010. №220.

  13. Ob jelektrojenergetike: Feder. Zakon Ros. Federacii ot 26 marta 2003 g. №35-FZ // Sobr. zakonodatel'stva Ros. Federacii. 2003. №13, st. 1177.

  14. Ob jenergosberezhenii i o povyshenii jenergeticheskoj jeffektivnosti i o vnesenii izmenenij v otdel'nye zakonodatel'nye akty Rossijskoj Federacii: Feder. zakon ot 23 nojabrja .2009 g. №261-FZ // Sobr. zakonodatel'stva Ros. Federacii. 2009. №48, st. 5711.

  15. Plan razvitija jenergetiki Federal'nogo Pravitel'stva Germanii do 2050 g. – osnova ustojchivogo jekologicheskogo razvitija [Jelektronnyj resurs] // Jekonomika jenergetiki. 2008. URL: http://rep.bntu.by/bitstream/ data/1508/1/75-84.pdf (data obrawenija: 15.06.2012).

  16. investicijam v jenergojeffektivnost'. Issledovanie na primere zhiliwnogo sektora [Jelektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://www.iea.org/russian/pdf/promotingee_invest_russian.pdf (data obrawenija: 15.06.2012).

  17. Spektor A.A. Predprinimatel'skaja dejatel'nost' kak ob#ekt gosudarstvennogo kontrolja (nadzora) (pravovye aspekty): dis. … d-ra. jurid. nauk. M., 2012. 404 s.

  18. Shishkin C.N. Predprinimatel'sko-pravovye osnovy gosudarstvennogo regulirovanija jekonomiki: avtoref. dis. … d-ra. jurid. nauk. M., 2012. 53 s.

  19. Jenergeticheskaja strategija Rossii na period do 2030 goda: rasporjazhenie Pravitel'stva Ros. Federacii ot 13 nojab. 2009 g. №1715-r // Sobr. zakonodatel'stva Ros. Federacii. 2009. №48, st. 5836.

  20. A Bill for an Ordinance 69 (2004) relating to real property taxation. URL: http:// www1.honolulu.gov/refs/bill/text/2004/b069.htm (data obrawenija: 15.06.2012).

  21. , Franz; McAllister, Pat. An Investigation of the Effect of Eco-Labeling on Office Occupancy Rates. 2009. Retrieved: November 5, 2010. URL: http://www.

  22. , Franz; McAllister, Pat. Green Noise or Green Value? Measuring the Effects of Environmental Certification on Office Property Values. 2009. Retrieved: November 5, 2010. URL: http://papers.ssrn. com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1140409 (data obrawenija: 15.06.2012).

  23. Gainesville green building program Ord. No. 001835, §1, 10-14-02. URL: http:// www.usgbc.org/ShowFile.aspx?DocumentID=1979 (data obrawenija: 15.06.2012).

  24. Energy efficiency and renewable energy in Russia: perspectives and problems of international technology transfer and investment / Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 1999. URL: http://www.martinot.info/Martinot_RSER3.pdf (data obrawenija: 15.06.2012).

  25. matters Mitigating risk to spark private investments in energy efficiency 2010. URL: http://www.iea.org/papers/efficiency/

  26. 27131 amending Chapter 52, «Administrative procedures for construction Codes», Chapter 53, «Dallas Building Code», and Chapter 57, «Dallas One- or Two-Family Dwelling Code» of Dallas City Code. URL: https://www.usgbc.org/ ShowFile.aspx?DocumentID=4046 (data obrawenija: 15.06.2012).

  27. Pivo, Gary; Fisher, Jeffrey D. Investment Returns from Responsible Property Investments: Energy Efficient, Transit-oriented and Urban Regeneration Office Properties in the US from 1998-2008. 2009. Retrieved: November 5, 2010. URL: http:// www.responsibleproperty.net/assets/files/pivo_fisher_investmentreturnsfromrpi3_3_09.pdf (data obrawenija: 15.06.2012).

  28. Act 095-0416 LRB095 09026 NHT 29217 b An Act concerning Education. URL: http://www.ilga.gov/legislation/

  29. , 2nd Engrossment A bill for an act relating to energy; modifying and adding provisions relating to energy efficiency and conservation, energy savings and audits, energy projects and information, …, greenhouse gas emissions and renewable energy standards; requiring studies; making technical and clarifying changes; amending Minnesota Statutes. URL: https://www.revisor.mn.gov/bin/bldbill.php?bill=S0145.2.html&session=ls85 (data obrawenija: 15.06.2012).

  30. of the financial and economical crisis on global energy investment IES Background paper for the 8G Energy ministers Meeting 24-25 May 2009. URL: http://www.iea.org/ebc/files/impact.pdf (data obrawenija: 15.06.2012).

 


      

      

 
The Perm State University
614990, Perm, street Bukireva, 15
+7 (342) 2 396 275, +7 963 012 6422
vesturn@yandex.ru
ISSN 1995-4190
(с) Editorial board, 2010
Publishing 4 times a year
The magazine is registered in Federal Agency of supervision in sphere of communication and mass communications.
The certificate on registration of mass media ПИ № ФС77-33087 from September, 5th, 2008
The certificate on reregistration of mass media ПИ № ФС77-53189 from Marth, 14th, 2013

The magazine is included in List ВАК and in РИНЦ (the Russian index of scientific citing)

The founder: the State educational institution of the higher vocational training
“The Perm State University”.