Issue 2 (16) 2012

Khudoley THE STRUCTURE OF THE ELECTORAL LAW

THE STRUCTURE OF THE ELECTORAL LAW

D.M. Khudoley

Perm State National Research University
15, Bukirev st., Perm, 614990
E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Concepts "election law", «election legislation» are analyzed. The status of election law in the legal system of Russia is defined as a sub-branch of constitutional law. The election law contains the norms defining an order of realisation of the major political rights of citizens – the active and passive suffrage. Principles of the election law have no independent value. The method of legal regulation of election relations is traditional. All it specifies that the election law is a constitutional law part. Structural elements of the election law – the general and the special part which, basically, contain in federal acts «About the basic guarantees of suffrages and the rights to participate in a referendum of citizens of the Russian Federation», «About presidential elections of the Russian Federation», «About elections of deputies of the State Duma of Federal assembly of the Russian Federation» are revealed. Regional electoral laws and charters of municipal unions only specify the specified certificates. It is defined, that in the election law general part norms-principles, norms-definitions, status norms, conflict rules (the norms defining an order of application of norms in space and in time) contain. In the special part the norms regulating election process on elections both in federal, and in regional, and in local authorities contain. Thus, it is offered to refuse allocation of a special part of the election law including the federal, regional and municipal lection law. It is possible to approve, that the election law of Russia is uniform, but it contains in the federal, regional and municipal election legislation. Thus, the election law of Russia de facto is centralised, but de jure that is not. Owing to all told it is offered to refuse creation of the Election code of the Russian Federation. Instead of acceptance of the code which cannot initially carry out code function, it is offered to make amendments to laws in force.


Keywords: the election law; the election legislation; the structure of election law; elections; the legal system; the status of election law; the federal election law; the regional election law; the municipal election law; the election code

 

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