DOI: 10.17072/1995-4190-2015-2-29-40

THE RIGHT TO REQUEST INTERPRETATION OF PROVISIONS
OF THE CONSTITUTIONS (CHARTERS) OF THE SUBJECTS
OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

K.M. Khudoley

Perm State University

15, Bukirev st., Perm, 614990

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Introduction: the article analyses the issues of granting the right to request Constitutional (Charter) Courts for interpretation of provisions of Constitutions (Charters) of the subjects of the Russian Federation. Purpose: to consider the provisions of federal and regional legislation on Constitutional (Charter) Courts and substantiate the proposals to improve legislative provisions on granting the right to request interpretation of provisions of the Constitutions (Charters) of the subjects of the Russian Federation. Methods: the methodological framework of the research is based on a set of methods of scientific cognition, in particular the dialectic method and general scientific methods (analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction). The author also uses methods specific to legal science (formal, comparative). Special attention is paid to the comparative and systemic research methods. Results: it is proposed to formalize the power of the prosecutors of the subjects of the Russian Federation and of Federal Courts to request Constitutional (Charter) Courts to provide interpretation of provisions of the Constitutions (Charters) of the subjects of the Russian Federation. The author maintains that members of regional parliaments should be granted individual rights to request such interpretation. According to the author, the right of public associations to request interpretation of provisions of the Fundamental Law of a subject of the Russian Federation can be legally formalized only to the extent that is provided by the Constitution (Charter) of the particular subject and its system of protecting the rights and freedoms of citizens. Thus, granting such right to indigenous small-numbered peoples of the North in the Sakha Republic (Yakutia) seems justified. Conclusions: the right to request Constitutional (Charter) Courts to provide interpretation should be granted to legal entities if the provisions of the Constitution (Charter) directly relate to the scope of their rights and obligations, or if such entities apply the relevant provisions of the Fundamental Laws of the subjects of the Russian Federation

 

 

Keywords: constitutional (charter) courts; Constitutional Court; constitutional justice; interpretation; request for interpretation; right to request; public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation; local governments

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