DOI: 10.17072/1995-4190-2015-1-124-132

The protection of information constituting commercial, tax and banking secrecy by means of criminal law

M.A. Efremova

Ulyanovsk state university

40/9, Goncharov street, Ulyanovsk, 432600

E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 

Introduction: one of the components of the national security of the Russian Federation is information security. In turn, the information aspect inherent in other components of national security of Russia. In recent years the role and importance of information security in the sphere of economy has greatly increased. A part of the mechanism of its protection is the establishment of criminal responsibility for the attacks. Among the articles of the Criminal code of the Russian Federation, aimed at the achievement of this goal is article 183 of the Criminal code which provides for liability for violation of privacy of information constituting commercial, tax and banking secrecy. Goal: to examine the provisions of article 183 of the criminal code of the Russian Federation, legislative structure of which does not stand up to criticism, primarily because of its orientation on the protection of three objects. Methods: the methodological basis of research is the set of methods of scientific cognition. So, used scientific methods (materialist dialectics), and astronaut methods (systematic structural, comparative legal and other). Results: it is proposed to exclude tax secrecy from the objects of legal protection. As for the legal protection of information constituting bank secrecy is necessary in the Criminal code should include the article 183.1. The provisions of the same Art. 183 of the criminal code should be aimed at ensuring the integrity of information constituting a commercial secret. Conclusions: the provisions of the criminal code of the Russian Federation, aimed at the criminal-legal protection of information constituting commercial, tax and banking secrecy need to be improved.

 

 

Keywords: information, information, mystery, secrecy, tax secrecy, banking secrecy, criminal law

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