Issue 1 (23) 2014

DvoynichnikovY.А. OBJECT OF LEGAL RELATION IN CONTEXT OF LEGAL TIME

OBJECT OF LEGAL RELATION IN CONTEXT OF LEGAL TIME

Y.А. Dvoynichnikov

Perm State National Research University
15, Bukirev st., Perm, 614990

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Abstract:Different aspects of the theory of legal relationship are researched. The author proposes the point of view that the object of a legal relation and the legal situation are identical terms in this article.

Dynamic aspects of legal relations and the theory of legal means are speaks. Some theories about the scientific status of the object of legal relationship are discussed. The author's hypothesis combines some contradictory concepts of the object in this essay. The methodology of this research of legal situations in context of legal time is also combines methods of the theory of law, General philosophy and the theory of systems in this scientific article.

"Legal time" is a category of the general theory of law that expressing the beginning, duration and the end of an actions, process, rules and legal statuses.

This category reflects the specific characteristic of the object – the variability in the system of a legal relation.

“Legal means used to resolve the legal situation. But also it used for creating order in the structure of a legal relation”– this is the main thesis of the essay.

The author thinks that the theory of legal means should be used for analyses of the system of legal relationship. The general aim of this paper is to analyze fundamental principles of a legal communication. The legal time and the legal area are two fundamental category of the philosophy of law that can be used for explaining complex phenomena of the legal life of society. But, in author’s opinion, the restrictive interpretation of these abstract concepts is a basic principle of research.

In conclusion, we propose that in the situational conception of the object of legal relationship is a perspective tool for decision of different problems of the general theory of law. For example, the problem of existence of legal relationship without an object is considered. There are two types of legal relationship: the role-relationship and the status – relationship. We are examining only first type of legal relations in this paper.


Keywords: object of legal relation; legal situation; legal time; legal means; legal regime


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