Issue 3 (13) 2011




Moscow State Law Academy
9, Sadovaya-Kudrinskaya st., Moscow, 123995

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The article is devoted to the actual problem of forming of the legal basis of elimination of human trafficking in foreign countries. The emergence of the process of enacting legislation to combat human trafficking is accounted for the need to address the causes of this phenomenon, ignoring of which could lead to destabilization of social peace and economic imbalances. One should take into consideration that problem is systematic in nature. That’s why a comprehensive approach is required to it valid in countries of origin, transit and destination. It should cover measures to prevent such trafficking, to punish the traffickers and protect victims of trafficking, including protecting their internationally recognized human rights. Special attention should be paid to women and children and encouragement of intergovernmental cooperation to achieve this goals. This system includes: 1) recognition of human trafficking as a criminal offense, 2) protection of trafficking victims, and 3) assisting victims of trafficking. The problem of distinguishing of the two concepts describing mutual interconnection but different in nature phenomenon in the use of forced labor, trafficking in human beings and people smuggling. In case of smuggling illegal immigrants hire a smuggler. Typically, this process involves the illegal transportation from one country to another. For this an illegal agreement is concluded without the use of deception and coercion. On entering into the country and arriving to final destination illegal migrant usually freely uses his ability to work. Human trafficking on the contrary involves the transportiration of people to use them fraudulently to forced labor or commercial sex. Besides victims of trafficking are not allowed to leave the place of destination on arrival. They are held against their will under threat of violence and forced to work or provide services to merchants or third parties.

Currently, there are several forms of human trafficking - bonded labor and forced labour , which are directly interconnected. Bonded labor or debt bondage is the least known form of trafficking, but it is the most widely used method of enslaving people. Victims become bonded laborers when the payment of transportation and their placement in the country of destination is included in their future earnings. And until they pay the carrier, they are forcibly held in bondage.

Thus we resolve the right to state that there is a trend in foreign labour law aimed at forming of laws combating human trafficking.

 Keywords: human trafficking; labor legislation; globalization; Criminal Code; forced labor

Bibliograficheskij spisok

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  2. Bekendtgørelse af straffeloven .Herved bekendtgøres straffeloven, jf. lovbekendtgørelse nr. 1034 af 29. oktober 2009, med de ændringer, der følger af §1 i lov nr. 1107 af 1. december 2009, §1 i lov nr. 651 af 15. juni 2010, §1 i lov nr. 711 af 25. juni 2010 og §2 i lov nr. 716 af 25. juni 2010. De ændringer, der følger af §11 i lov nr. 718 af 25. juni 2010 om ændring af konkursloven og forskellige andre love, er ikke indarbejdet i denne lovbekendtgørelse, da tidspunktet for ikrafttræden af disse ændringer fastsættes af justitsministeren, jf. §55, stk. 1, i lov nr. 718 af 25. juni 2010.

  3. Gangmasters (Licensing) Act 2004 [Jelektronnyj resurs]: URL: (data obrawenija: 12.03.2011).

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  5. Modern day slavery and human trafficking in the US and around the world. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. URL: (data obrawenija: 14.03.2010).

  6. Legge 11 agosto 2003, n. 228Misure contro la tratta di persone"pubblicata nella Gazzetta Ufficiale n. 195 del 23 agosto 2003.

  7. Trafficking Victims Protection Act.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. URL: (Data obrawenija: 14.03.2010).

  8. Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorisation Act, 2003 (H.R. 2620). Public Law 108-193, US State Department, United States (consulted on 2004.11.14).

  9. William Wilberforce Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2008 (P.L. 110-457[H.R.7311]). U.S. Code, Congressional and Administrative News, 2009-02, №12, Р. 122 STAT 5044–5091.




The Perm State University
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ISSN 1995-4190 ISSN (eng.) 2618-8104
ISSN (online) 2658-7106
DOI 10.17072/1995-4190
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