Issue 3 (13) 2011

OBLIGATIONS OF INJURY LEGAL ACTIONS IN SUPPRESSION OF TERRORIST ACT

OBLIGATIONS OF INJURY LEGAL ACTIONS IN SUPPRESSION OF TERRORIST ACT

E.V. Karmanova

Perm State National research University
15, Bukirev st., Perm, 614990
e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

In the article the obligations of the injury legal actions in suppression of terrorist acts is investigated. Russian law determines the cases of harm not only illegal, but legal actions. The Federal Law on Suppression of Terrorism establishes two cases of injury legal actions: injury legal actions to person who is involved in a terrorist act; the injury legal actions to others in suppression of the terrorist act. Such actions are not wrongful, as are made in order to prevent danger of the state and its citizens. The servicemen, experts and others involved in the fight against terrorism shall be exempted from liability for injury caused during counter-terrorist operation The judicial practice of compensation for damage caused legal actions in suppression of terrorist acts is analyzed. The courts denied the claims on the basis of p. 2 of art. 1067 Civil Code. During counter-terrorist operation, the state must compensate this damage, as the state, carrying the fight against terrorism, protecting own interests, causing injury to other persons, not related to terrorist activity. In the obligation of the injury legal actions  the state is a stronger side than the persons whom such ham occurred. Thus, the courts in refusing the claims of persons who have suffered a legal injury while preventing terrorist acts, freeing the state of reparation, was removed from his "responsibility". The mechanism of compensation for harm caused by legal actions in suppression terrorist acts is  researched.  The relationships of the injury legal actions in suppression of terrorist act and emergency are understudied. The Injury by the suppressing of terrorist act is  inflicted less valuable good (property a particular person), to save more valuable (the security of all states). However, servicemen and others involved in counter-terrorist operations cause harm in the emergency in the interest of the state. Therefore, the harm caused by such legal actions should be compensated by the rules of emergency.


Keywords: obligations of injury legal actions; legal acts; terrorism; the state; emergency; awarddamage

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