Issue 3 (13) 2011



V.V. Abramov

Ural State Legal Academy
21, Komsomolskay st., Ekaterinburg, 620137

E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

The article raises questions about the nature and legal nature of the legal categories "risk" and "safety", revealed their role in the system of legal phenomena. The author analyzes the role and importance of terms "risk" and "safety" in the conceptual device of civil law of Russia. Gives a detailed critical review of the current Russian civil legislation, application practices, legal literature on the specified problematic.

Process of formation of the modern domestic concept of risk in civil law is considered. Existing theories of risk are analyzed; issues of risk and civil law relationship are touched in the article. Risk is considered as property of a subject of civil law which is reflected on the civil law regulation method. The author finds out continuity and updating elements, reveals laws of evolution of the theory of risk in the civil law, and defines ways of the decision of debatable questions. The risk theory allows by logic operations over concepts to transform the general principles to concrete forms of regulation of legal processes.

In article the accessory of risk and safety to base categories of civil law also is proved. It has important theoretical value as defines character of practical activities on realization of legal regulation of real estate of the raised risk within the limits of society safety, and also life and health of citizens, including in the civil-law ways. Safety in modern conditions gets standard registration in the current legislation and it isn't as abstract-absolute category any more. Simultaneously safety starts to be considered as the socially-legal phenomenon having the dual nature. On the one hand, safety is the basic condition of maintenance of the vital interests of the person, and also national interests of the state and a society in various spheres (economic, political, social, etc.). On the other hand, safety is opposed in some cases to freedom as its maintenance is reached, including, and by means of restriction of the subjective rights.

The dialectics of investigated concepts expressed in the categorial device of civil law becomes complicated if to consider it within the dialectics of social and cultural development of a society. It is area absolutely unexplored, but extremely perspective from the point of view of the legal theory. The theoretical base created thus is checked further by practice and forms the basis of practical offers and recommendations about perfection of mechanisms of civil-law regulation in a modern society.

Keywords: legal category; risk; safety; civil law


Bibliograficheskij spisok

  1. Andreev I.D. Problemy logiki i metodologii poznanija. M.: Nauka, 1972. 320 s.
  2. Arsen'ev A.S. Analiz razvivajuwegosja ponjatija. M.: Nauka, 1967. 439 s.
  3. Vasil'ev A.I. Sistema nacional'noj bezopasnosti Rossijskoj Federacii (konstitucionno-pravovoj analiz): avtoref. dis. ... d-ra jurid. nauk. SPb., 1999. 34 s.
  4. Vasil'ev A.M. Dialekticheskaja svjaz' kategorij obwej teorii prava // Sovetskoe gosudarstvo i pravo. 1974. №1. S. 10–18.
  5. Vasil'ev A.M. Pravovye kategorii: metodologicheskie aspekty razrabotki sistemy kategorij teorii prava. M.: Jurid. lit., 1976. 264 s.
  6. Vahtomin N.K. O roli kategorij «suwnost'» i «javlenie» v poznanii. M.: Nauka, 1963. 326 s.
  7. Izzadust Je.S. Nacional'naja bezopasnost' Rossii: institucional'nyj kontekst i chelovecheskoe izmerenie. M.: Academia, 2010. 256 c.
  8. Kerimov D.A. Metodologija prava: predmet, funkcii, problemy filosofii prava. M.: Izd-vo SGU, 2011. 521 s.
  9. Kopnin P.V. Dialektika, logika, nauka. M.: Nauka, 1973. 464 s.
  10. Lenin V.I. Polnое sobranie sochineniy. M.: Progress, 1965. T. 29. S. 179.
  11. Luman N. Ponjatie riska // THESIS: teorija i istorija jekonomicheskih i social'nyh institutov i sistem. 1994. № 5. S. 135–160.
  12. Rajgorodskij V.L. Nacional'naja bezopasnost' Rossii: politiko-pravovye sredstva obespechenija. Rostov n/D.: Izd-vo SKNC VSh, 2004. 212 c.
  13. Rybalkin N.N. Filosofija bezopasnosti: ucheb. posobie. M.: MPSI, 2006. 293 s.
  14. Stepashin S.V. Bezopasnost' cheloveka i obwestva (politiko-pravovye voprosy): monografija. SPb.: Press, 1994. 240 s.
  15. Stepashin S.V. Teoretiko-pravovye aspekty obespechenija bezopasnosti Rossijskoj Federacii: dis. ... d-ra jurid. nauk. SPb., 1994. 246 c.
  16. Tulenov Zh.T. Vzaimosvjaz' kategorij dialektiki: monografija. M.: Vyssh. shk., 1986. 96 s.
  17. Tulenov Zh.T. Dialektika i stil' nauchnogo myshlenija. Tashkent: Uzbekistan, 1985. 276 s.
  18. Shubert T.Je. Nacional'naja bezopasnost' Rossii: konstitucionno-pravovye aspekty. Sravnitel'no-pravovoe issledovanie. M.: Pravo i Zakon, 2001. 176 c.


The Perm State University
614990, Perm, street Bukireva, 15
+7 (342) 2 396 275
ISSN 1995-4190 ISSN (eng.) 2618-8104
ISSN (online) 2658-7106
DOI 10.17072/1995-4190
(с) Editorial board, 2010
The magazine is registered in Federal Agency of supervision in sphere of communication and mass communications.
The certificate on registration of mass media ПИ № ФС77-33087 from September, 5th, 2008
The certificate on reregistration of mass media ПИ № ФС77-53189 from Marth, 14th, 2013

The magazine is included in List ВАК and in the Russian index of scientific citing

The founder & Publisher: the State educational institution of the higher training
“The Perm State University”.
Publishing 4 times a year