Perm University Herald. Juridical Sciences. 2016. Issue 1 (31)

Title: THE EVOLUTION OF THE CONCEPT OF JUSTICE AS AN OBJECT OF CRIMINAL LAW PROTECTION IN THE NATIONAL LEGAL DOCTRINE IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE 20th CENTURY
Authors: Kirova T.A.
Perm State University
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Requisites: Kirova T.A. Razvitie idei pravosudiya kak ob''ekta ugolovno-pravovoy okhrany v otechestvennoy yuridicheskoy mysli vtoroy poloviny XX veka [The Evolution of the Concept of Justice as an Object of Criminal Law Protection in the National Legal Doctrine in the Second Half of the 20th century]. Vestnik Permskogo universiteta. Juridicheskie nauki – Perm University Herald. Juridical Sciences. 2016. № 1(31). Pp. 105–111. (In Russ.)
DOI: 10.17072/1995-4190-2016-1-105-111
Annotation: Introduction: the article analyzes the evolution of theoretical views on justice as an object of criminal law protection. Chapter 31 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation provides for criminal liability for crimes against justice. Justice as an object of criminal law protection was legislated for the first time in the 1960 RSFSR Criminal Code, and from that regulatory act different views on the content of this concept began to form in the national jurisprudence. Purpose: research into the notion of justice has a short history in national legal thought and dates back to the second half of the 20th century; therefore, it is necessary to carefully examine the existing approaches to its definition. Methods: the methodological framework of this study is based on a set of methods of scientific cognition, among which the dialectical method is the major one. Both general scientific methods (dialectical method, methods of analysis and synthesis, abstraction and concretization) and specific scientific methods (formal legal, comparative legal, technical legal methods) are used. Results: the idea of justice emerged in the second half of the 20th century and is reflected in Chapter 8 of the RSFSR Criminal Code of 1960 “Offences against justice”. Since then, there have been two groups of views on the concept under consideration: in terms of criminal law and in terms of criminal proceedings.In the Soviet legal science, this issue, namely the concept of justice content analysis, was developed by such scholars as I.S. Vlasov and I.M. Tyazhkova, S.S. Rashkovskaya, I.Ya. Kul’berg, S.I. Tikhenko, and others. Among Russian scientists, it is worth mentioning A.I. Chuchaeva, L.V. Lobanov, and others. Conclusions: considering the concept of justice in the context of the relevant criminal legislation, Soviet and post-Soviet researchers based on the content of chapters of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR and the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, regulating the liability for crimes against justice. Therefore, justice was interpreted broadly, as resolution of legal issues by specially formed state authorities and application of state coercive measures to persons having committed illegal acts, if necessary. In terms of criminal procedure, throughout the period under consideration justice have been understood as judiciary activity on hearing and resolution of criminal and civil cases.
Keywords: object of criminal law protection; justice; crimes against justice; criminal law; criminal procedure
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References: Vlasov I.S. Ob ob''ekte prestupleniy protiv pravosudiya [On the Object of Crimes against Justice]. Uchenye zapiski Vsesoyuznogo nauchno-issledovatelskogo instituta sovetskogo zakonodatelstva – Proceedings of the All-Union Research Institute of Soviet Legislation. 1964. № 1(18). Pp. 96–104. (In Russ.).
Vlasov I.S., Tyazhkova I.M. Otvetstvennost' za prestupleniya protiv pravosudiya [Responsibility for Crimes against Justice]. Moscow: Yurid. lit. Publ., 1968. 136 p. (In Russ.).
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Rashkovskaya Sh.S. Pravosudie pod okhranoy zakona [Justice Protected by Law] Trudy VIYuN – Proceedings of the All-Union Institute of Legal Science. 1970. Vol. XVI. Part I. Pp. 117–159 (In Russ.).
Tikhenko S.I. Sovetskoe ugolovnoe pravo. Prestupleniya protiv pravosudiya. [Soviet Criminal Law. Crimes against Justice]. Kiev, 1970. 106 p. (In Russ.).
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