Perm University Herald. Juridical Sciences. 2017. Issue 3 (37)

Title: CONSTITUTIONAL REFORMS IN THE POST-SOVIET SPACE: DEVELOPMENT TRENDS
Authors:

T. Ya. Khabrieva,
Institute of Legislation and Comparative Law under the Government of the Russian Federation

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ORCID: 0000-0002-6190-6338 ResearcherID: J-7397-2017
Статьи автора в БД «Scopus» и «Web of Science»:      

10.1134/S1019331616040043
10.1134/S1019331615030119
10.1134/S1019331615020033

L. V. Andrichenko
Institute of Legislation and Comparative Law under the Government of the Russian Federation

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ORCID: 0000-0001-5993-6282 ResearcherID: J-7359-2017
Статьи автора в БД «Scopus» и «Web of Science»:      

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Requisites: Khabrieva T. Ya., Andrichenko L. V. Konstitutsionnye reformy na postsovetskom prostranstve: tendentsii razvitiya [Constitutional Reforms in the Post-Soviet Space: Development Trends]. Vestnik Permskogo Universiteta. Juridicheskie Nauki – Perm University Herald. Juridical Sciences. 2017. Issue 37. Pp. 272–287. (In Russ.). DOI: 10.17072/1995-4190-2017-37-272-287
DOI: 10.17072/1995-4190-2017-37-272-287
Annotation:

Introduction: the article provides generalization and analysis of the modern experience of constitutional reforms in the post-Soviet space. By the examples of certain states, the authors show the permanence and variety of constitutional reforms, prove that changes of the constitutional text can be of different importance, and the concepts "change of the Constitution", "constitutional amendment", "constitutional reform" and "revision of the Constitution" used in legal science are different. In the context of the latest practice of the European Commission for Democracy through Law (the Venice Commission of the Council of Europe), the authors describe the modern constitutional reforms, which reflect the main directions of modernization in a number of countries being at the stage of deepening and strengthening the democratic foundations. Purpose: based on the analysis of the constitutional reforms implemented in several post-Soviet states over the past decades, to identify and demonstrate the specific features of constitutional reforms, their difference from ordinary modifications of the constitutional text which do not lead to the transformation of the fundamental principles of the state and society. Methods: formal-logical and comparative law methods, analysis, synthesis, comparison, and generalization methods were used. Results: it is impossible to characterize the constitutional reform with only one unique feature which would allow one to clearly distinguish it from a number of similar phenomena. Constitutional reform cannot be measured with quantitative indicators. Therefore, it is important to identify the conditions, or criteria, which will allow for referring some particular constitutional changes to the class of constitutional reforms. Most changes of the existing constitutions represent partial semantic correction of the text, not affecting the nature of the constitutional institutions. Modern constitutional reform is a goal-oriented action or a set of uniform goal-oriented actions which are stretched over the time; it is always characterized by the scale and implications for the modern and developing legal regulation as well as for the entire system of social relations within the constitutional impact. Constitutional reform is characterized by changes of the fundamentals of the state and society, goal-setting, adequate resourcing, and certain legal and factual results.

Keywords: Constitution; constitutional reform; constitutional amendments; constitutional institutions; constitutional provisions; president; parliament; government; public authorities
  download the full-version article
References:

1. Dononbaeva A. A. Konstitutsionnye reformy v Kyrgyzskoy Respublike [Constitutional reforms in the Kyrgyz Republic]. Aktual'nye problemy gumanitarnykh i estestvennykh nauk – Current Problems of the Humanities and Natural Sciences. 2016. Issue 12–3. Pp. 53–56. (In Russ.).
2. Maunz Th. Gosudarstvennoe pravo Germanii (FRG i GDR) [State Law of Germany (FRG and GDR)]. Moscow, 1959. 596 p. (In Russ.).
3. Khabrieva T. Ya. Venetsianskaya komissiya
kak sub"ekt tolkovaniya natsional'nogo prava [The Venice Commission as a Subject of National Law Interpretation]. Zhurnal rossiy¬skogo prava – Journal of Russian Law. 2016. Issue 8. Pp. 5–15. (In Russ.).
4. Khabrieva T. Ya. Konstitutsionnaya reforma v sovremennom mire [Constitutional Reform in the Modern World]. Moscow, 2016. 320 p. (In Russ.).
5. Khabrieva T. Ya. Konstitutsionnye reformy v sovremennom mire [Constitutional Reforms in the Modern World]. Vestnik Rossiyskoy akademii nauk – Herald of the Russian Academy of Sciences. 2016. Issue 7. Vol. 86. Pp. 579–586. (In Russ.).
6. Elster J. Ways of Constitution-Making. Democracy's Victory and Crisis; ed. by Axel Hadenius. Cambridge University Press, 1997. 125 p. (In Eng.).
 

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CONSTITUTIONAL REFORMS IN THE POST-SOVIET SPACE:
DEVELOPMENT TRENDS

 


     

      

 
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ISSN 1995-4190 ISSN (eng.) 2618-8104
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DOI 10.17072/1995-4190
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