Issue 4 (22) 2013

Zagoruiko_Bogdanov_Civil liability of the person performing the functions of the sole executive body in case of legal entity bankruptcy

Civil liability of the person performing the functions of the sole executive body in case of legal entity bankruptcy

I.Y. Zagoruiko

Perm State National Research University
15, Bukirev st., Perm, 614990
E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

A.V. Bogdanov

Perm State National Research University
15, Bukirev st., Perm, 614990
E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Abstract: Authors of the article reveal conditions and the foundation of civil liability of the person who is performing the functions of the individual executive body in case of bankruptcy of the legal entity. Based on the analysis of current legislation authors come to the conclusion that by consideration of a question of responsibility of the person who is performing the functions of the individual executive body of the legal entity bankrupt, it is used the full structure of tort, it is necessary to install illegal actions (inaction), losses of the debtor and/or creditors, relationship of cause and effect and wine, which is presumed. There is an identification of civil-legal content categories in the article such as integrity and the rationality of actions (inaction) of the person performing the functions of the individual executive body of the legal entity. It is proved that legal actions (inaction) of the head must meet two criteria at the same time: actions (inaction) should be carried out only in interests of the legal entity, actions (inaction) should be carried out honestly and reasonably.

Authors come to the conclusion that the responsibility of the head of the debtor to creditors of the legal entity bankrupt is extra corporate and non-contractual.

The article notes that elevated level of civil liability of the person, performing the functions of the individual executive body, in case of bankruptcy of the legal entity-debtor is caused of protection other participants of the civil turnover, ensuring stability of a civil turn and stimulation of performance by such person of public and civil duties properly.

In conclusion of this article, the authors come to the conclusion that the guilt of the person exercising the functions of individual executive body of the legal entity consists in violation of the principle of «acting in the interests of the legal entity in good faith and reasonably» at implementation of management of current activity of the legal entity.


Keywords: civil liability; legal person; the person performing the functions of individual executive body; the head of legal entity

 

Bibliograficheskij spisok

  1. Grazhdanskij kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii. Chast' pervaja ot 30 nojab. 1994 g. (red. ot 23.07.2013) // Sobr. Zakonodatel'stva Ros. Federacii. 1994. №32, st. 3301.

  2. Kommentarij k Grazhdanskomu kodeksu Rossijskoj Federacii chasti pervoj (postatejnyj) / pod red. O.N. Sadikova. M.: Jurid. firma KONTRAKT: INFRA M, 2002. 940 s.

  3. Kuznecova O.A. Prezumpcii v grazhdanskom prave. SPb.: Jurid. centr «Press», 2004. 349 s.

  4. Kuznecova O.A. Grazhdansko-pravovaja otvetstvennost': neobosnovannyj otryv civilisticheskoj nauki ot obshhej teorii prava // Aktual'nye problemy chastnopravovogo regulirovanija: materialy Vseros. IX nauch. foruma (g. Samara, 27–28 maja 2011 g.) / nauch. red. N.A. Barinov; otv. red. S.V. Martyshkin. Samara, 2011. S. 398–406.

  5. Nauchno-prakticheskij kommentarij k chasti pervoj Grazhdanskogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii dlja predprinimatelej / Braginskij M.I., Vitrjanskij V.V., Zvekov V.P. i dr.; pod obshh. red. V.D. Karpovich. 2-e izd., dop. i pererab. M.: Spark, Hozjajstvo i pravo, 1999. 736 c.

  6. O nesostojatel'nosti (bankrotstve): Feder. zakon Ros. Federacii ot 26 okt. 2002 g. №127-FZ (red. ot 23.07.2013) // Sobr. zakonodatel'stva Ros. Federacii. 2002. №43, st. 4190.

  7. O rekomendacii k primeneniju Kodeksa korporativnogo povedenija: rasporjazhenie feder. komissii po rynku cennyh bumag ot 4 apr. 2002 g. №421/r // Vestnik FKCB Rossii. 2002. №4.

  8. Po delu o proverke konstitucionnosti rjada polozhenij Tamozhennogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii v svjazi s zaprosom Arbitrazhnogo suda goroda Sankt-Peterburga i Leningradskoj oblasti, zhalobami Otkrytyh akcionernyh obshhestv «Avtovaz» i «Kombinat «Severonikel'», Obshhestv s ogranichennoj otvetstvennost'ju «Vernost'», «Vita-Pljus» i «Nevsko-Baltijskaja transportnaja kompanija», Tovarishhestva s ogranichennoj otvetstvennost'ju «Sovmestnoe Rossijsko-Juzhnoafrikanskoe predprijatie «Jekont» i grazhdanina A.D. Chulkova: postanovlenie Konstituc. suda Ros. Federacii ot 27 apr. 2001 g. №7-P // Sobr. zakonodatel'stva Ros. Federacii. 2001. №23, st. 2409.

  9. Rossijskoe grazhdanskoe pravo: uchebnik; v 2 t. / V.S. Em, I.A. Zenin, N.V. Kozlova i dr.; otv. red. E.A. Suhanov. 2-e izd., stereotip. M.: Statut, 2011. T. 1: Obshhaja chast'. Veshhnoe pravo. Nasledstvennoe pravo. Intellektual'nye prava. Lichnye neimushhestvennye prava. 958 s.

  10. Rubeko G.L. Pravovoj status organov upravlenija akcionernyh obshhestv. M.: Statut, 2007. 190 s.

  11. Dogovor o realizacii funkcij edinolichnogo ispolnitel'nogo organa hozjajstvennogo obshhestva: avtoref. diss. … kand. jurid. nauk. M., 2010. URL: http://www.diss.rls.ru (data obrashhenija: 10.09.2013).

  12. Dignam A., Lowry J. Company law. N.Y., 2009. Р. 515.

  13. Dine J. Company Law. Houndmils, Basingstoke, Hampshire RG21 6XS and London: Macmillan Press Ltd, 1998. Р. 376.

  14. Naciri A. Corporate governance around the world. N.Y., 2008. Р. 432.

  15. Nicholls C.C. Corporate Law. Toronto, Canada: Emond Montgomery Publications Limited, 2005. Р. 387.

  16. Tomas G., Hudson A. The Law of Trusts. N.Y., 2004. Р. 1896.

 


      

      

 
The Perm State University
614990, Perm, street Bukireva, 15
+7 (342) 2 396 275, +7 963 012 6422
vesturn@yandex.ru
ISSN 1995-4190
(с) Editorial board, 2010
Publishing 4 times a year
The magazine is registered in Federal Agency of supervision in sphere of communication and mass communications.
The certificate on registration of mass media ПИ № ФС77-33087 from September, 5th, 2008
The certificate on reregistration of mass media ПИ № ФС77-53189 from Marth, 14th, 2013

The magazine is included in List ВАК and in РИНЦ (the Russian index of scientific citing)

The founder: the State educational institution of the higher vocational training
“The Perm State University”.