Issue 4 (22) 2013

SYSTEM AND LEGAL STATUS OF THE BODIES ACTING ON BEHALF OF THE STATE IN PRIVATE LEGAL RELATIONS IN THE LEGISLATION OF THE FOREIGN COUNTRIES

SYSTEM AND LEGAL STATUS OF THE BODIES ACTING ON BEHALF OF THE STATE IN PRIVATE LEGAL RELATIONS IN THE LEGISLATION OF THE FOREIGN COUNTRIES

V.G. Golubtsov

Perm State National Research University
15, Bukirev st., Perm, 614990
E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Abstract: Based on the analysis of the foreign original sources, the foreign experience is researched of legislative fixation of the state bodies’ status details and other details of the civil legal personality of the state. The legislation of the European Union is analyzed as well as the legislation of the USA and the Great Britain, Italy, Latvia and Georgia.

In the USA and the Great Britain, the legal regulation of the issues in question is associated with the notion of the “investment law”. The USA legislation refused the “public law person” notion through to the start of active integration processes at the end of the 90s of XX century. Traditionally, the English and the American law use the category of power (governmental, local or public power) instead of the notion mentioned above. With this, the legal and organizational unity that stands for this power, has no characteristics of the legal person, and the bodies action on behalf of this power are vice versa the legal persons.

The peculiarities of the legal regulation of the public legal unities participation in the European Union countries were stipulated be the specifics of the civil law. For this reason, the category of the legal persons, and so – of the public legal persons - has a meaning different from the one in the Russian legislation. In the civil law of France the notion of the public legal entity is replaced by the notions of “public service” and “public establishment”, and the public legal entities are the subjects of exclusively administrative legal relations.

There is an opposite tendency in Germany. Here, there are independent notions of the public service and the public legal entity, and the government of modern Germany has a sufficiently strong administration that is responsible for controlling the foreign affairs, taxation, defense, transport, postal service, social provision programs and intelligence activities.


Keywords: government; public authorities; private law; public law; private law relations; legislation of foreign countries; the legal system

 

Bibliograficheskij spisok

  1. Administrativnoe pravo zarubezhnyh stran: ucheb. posobie / pod red. A.N. Kozyrina. M.: SPARK, 1996. 229 s.

  2. Alekseev S.S., Krasheninnikov P.V. Jekonomicheskaja konstitucija: ot sud'by Grazhdanskogo kodeksa zavisit i sud'ba reform v Rossii // Nezavisimaja gazeta. 2000. № 138. S. 21–24.

  3. Vasilenko I.A. Administrativno-gosudarstvennoe upravlenie v stranah Zapada: SShA, Velikobritanija, Francija, Germanija. M.: Logos, 2001. 200 s.

  4. Vlijanie politicheskih sistem na mezhdunarodnoe sotrudnichestvo / pod red. L.M. Shlosberga. Pskov: Vozrozhdenie, 2005. 191 s.

  5. Talapina Je.V. Administrativnoe pravo Francii segodnja // Ezhegodnik sravnit. pravovedenija. M.: NORMA, 2004. S. 136–151.

  6. Talapina Je.V. O publichnom jekonomicheskom prave // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. 2004. №7. S. 85–98.

  7. Travi A. Uchastie gosudarstva v kommercheskoj dejatel'nosti predprijatij // Uchastie gosudarstva v kommercheskoj dejatel'nosti. M., 2001. S. 152–154.

  8. i garmonizacija zakonodatel'stva o juridicheskih licah v ramkah Evropejskogo sojuza. URL://http://eulaw.edu.ru/documents/publications/chapters/_ ftnref4 (data obrashhenija: 14.05.2013).

  9. American Public Administration: Past, Present, Future / edited by Frederick C. Mosher. University, Ala.: University of Alabama Press, 1975. 298 p.; Hix Simon. The Political System of the European Union. Palgrave Macmillan; 1st edition, 1999. 450 p.

  10. Parkinson L. Marie Public Relations Law: A Supplemental Text. Routledge, 2007. 161 p.

  11. Stone Sweet Alec. Governing with Judges: Constitutional Politics in Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000. 232 p.;

  12. Wade W. Administrative law. Oxford, 1988. P.

 

 


      

      

 
The Perm State University
614990, Perm, street Bukireva, 15
+7 (342) 2 396 275, +7 963 012 6422
vesturn@yandex.ru
ISSN 1995-4190
(с) Editorial board, 2010
Publishing 4 times a year
The magazine is registered in Federal Agency of supervision in sphere of communication and mass communications.
The certificate on registration of mass media ПИ № ФС77-33087 from September, 5th, 2008
The certificate on reregistration of mass media ПИ № ФС77-53189 from Marth, 14th, 2013

The magazine is included in List ВАК and in РИНЦ (the Russian index of scientific citing)

The founder: the State educational institution of the higher vocational training
“The Perm State University”.