Issue 2 (16) 2012

Reznikov PSYCHOLOGICAL AND LEGAL ANALYSIS OF THE "LEGAL IDENTITY” CONCEPT

PSYCHOLOGICAL AND LEGAL ANALYSIS OF THE "LEGAL IDENTITY” CONCEPT

E.V. Reznikov

Dzerzhinsky District Court Judge Volgograd
122, Istoricheskaja st., Volgograd, 400075
E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 

Despite the fact that the subject field of legal science and psychology have clear areas of intersection, the model of interaction of these disciplines has not yet been built. By Remark E. Lukashev, as expressed in the Soviet era, for the domestic jurisprudence peculiar kind of "fear psychology." This area of expertise as legal psychology has traditionally evolved as a discipline of applied nature with a fairly narrow objectives. As pointed out by G. Maltsev, legal psychology has grown on the soil of the judiciary, prison, criminal psychology, and still maintains the closest relationship to criminology, criminology and criminal proceedings: "It seems that we applied discipline, rather than having a general legal nature, many aimed at specific sector, law enforcement, especially the judiciary, criminal, penal. " The study of psychological factors of human behavior in the field of law would concentrate in a relatively new discipline of the Russian jurisprudence, as anthropology of law (legal anthropology) that "by analyzing the verbal or written records law, the practice of social life examines the processes juridization human life inherent in every historical type of civilization, and seeks to find patterns that underlie the social and legal life of human communities "However, this trend is actually limited to the study of archaic forms of legal life, as well as some individual tendencies of the modern legal development, but does not give a psychological picture of the legal existence of man.

The situation disunity of psychology and jurisprudence called objective processes of specialization and complexity of scientific knowledge, the internal differentiation of scientific disciplines, increased methodological and terminological differences, leading to mutual misunderstanding.

Thus, the question of the existence of a legal identity is relevant in connection with what is happening in contemporary jurisprudence increasing attention to the human person, which can be considered a kind of "anthropological turn". That's right is often able to provide the most impact on the process of formation of identity, as this type of social norms is characterized by a high degree of formalization and, as a rule, is fixed in writing, so that their content is relatively fixed in nature.


Keywords: identity; legal identity; legal psychology; and legal consciousness

 

Bibliograficheskij spisok

  1. Alekseev S.S. Teorija prava. M.: Prospekt, 1994. 568 s.

  2. Vygotskij L.S. Problema soznanija // Sobr. soch.: v 6 t. M.: Pedagogika, 1982. T. 1: Voprosy teorii i istorii psihologii. 368 s.

  3. Il'in I.A. O suwnosti pravosoznanija // Sobr. soch.: v 10 t. M.: Rus. kniga, 1994. T. 4. 387 s.

  4. Kovler A.I. Antropologija prava. M.: Norma, 2002. 467 s.

  5. Leont'ev A.N. Dejatel'nost'. Soznanie. Lichnost' // Izb. psihol. proizvedenija: v 2 t. M.: Pedagogika, 1983. T. II. 392 s.

  6. Lukasheva E.A. Motivy i povedenie cheloveka v pravovoj sfere // Sov. gosudarstvo i pravo. 1972. №8.

  7. Mal'cev G.V. Social'nye osnovanija prava. M.: Infra-M, 2007. 800 s.

  8. Petrazhickij L.I. Teorija prava i gosudarstva v svjazi s teoriej nravstvennosti. SPb.: Lan', 2000. 606 s.

  9. Sorokin P.A. Prestuplenie i kara, podvig i nagrada: Sociol. jetjud ob osnovnyh formah obwestv. povedenija i morali. M.: Astrel', 2006. 624 s.

 


      

      

 
The Perm State University
614990, Perm, street Bukireva, 15
+7 (342) 2 396 275, +7 963 012 6422
vesturn@yandex.ru
ISSN 1995-4190
(с) Editorial board, 2010
Publishing 4 times a year
The magazine is registered in Federal Agency of supervision in sphere of communication and mass communications.
The certificate on registration of mass media ПИ № ФС77-33087 from September, 5th, 2008
The certificate on reregistration of mass media ПИ № ФС77-53189 from Marth, 14th, 2013

The magazine is included in List ВАК and in РИНЦ (the Russian index of scientific citing)

The founder: the State educational institution of the higher vocational training
“The Perm State University”.