Issue 2 (16) 2012

Bondarev ROLE SUBJECTIVE LEGAL LIABILITY AS A TYPE AND EXTENT OF THE LEGAL LIABILITY

ROLE SUBJECTIVE LEGAL LIABILITY AS A TYPE AND EXTENT OF THE LEGAL LIABILITY

A.S. Bondarev

Perm State National Research University
15, Bukirev st., Perm, 614990
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The abstract notion of "legal liability" is established in our law science in the sixties of the twentieth century. And among scholars lawyers from the outset about its contents turned the discussion. Unfortunately, despite the fact that discussions about the concept of legal responsibility in the general theory of law and legal science shall last for more than five decades, but convergence between different (even contradictory) concepts. Persist three substantially different approaches to the concept of legal liability: a retrospective, positive and integrative. Moreover, in each of these areas there is no unity in understanding legal liability. For example, in modern legal textbooks, scientific books, legislation and practice in the vast majority of legal responsibility is to respond to the offence is dealt with, so to say, in retrospect. In this case, all the scientists that are United in only one – acknowledge legal responsibility only for the offence. At this they unity and ends. They differ significantly in terms of. Legal responsibility is the implementation of sanctions (Oe Lejst, Hp Âvič); measure of coercion (I.s. Samoŝenko, m.h. Farukšin); punishment (N.s. Malejn); duty to undergo hardships (S.s. Alekseev, a. i. Petelin, M. D. Šindâpina); duty, forcing it to executable (S.n. Bratus′); duty to report (Vladimir Tarasov V.a., Fishermen); etc. This article provides an original view of the concept of legal responsibility, its location and its significance in the life of the law. It is extremely positive, value driven. Provides a detailed analysis of the content and structure of legal liability.


Keywords: Legal responsibility, subjective duty – a kind and a measure of legal responsibility, status legal relationship, role legal relationship

 

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