Business and non-entrepreneurial organization: questions of terminology and classification

Ju.A. Kitsay

Law Institute, Irkutsk State University
10, Ulan-Batorskaya st., Universitetsky mikrorayon, Irkutsk city, 664082

e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Abstract: Establishing a clear classification system of legal entities is an important step in finding the optimal way with the upcoming reform of the Institute of juridical person in civil law in Russia.

According to the author, the decades-long debate about the types and structures of juridical person must find their resolution in the near future.

It is noted that at present the RF CC stipulates the division of legal entities, based on the ratio of: 1) rights of the founders (participants, members) and the legal entity of the property of the latter (p. 2, 3 article 48 CC RF); 2) an object of extraction of profit with other objectives of activity of legal entities, as well as allow or prevent of distribution of profits among the organization members (art. 50 CC of the RF) .In the second case, the legislator, while making the distinction of legal entities, uses such terms as «commercial organizations» and «non-commercial organizations». The author consistently criticizes the existing approach to the classification of legal persons.

Changes to the Civil code of the Russian Federation significantly alter the content of certain legal institutions. With respect to the system of legal entities the new classification are entered, the levels of legal regulation are changed. However, some debatable questions did not find their solution in the project of amendments to the Civil code. In particular, despite all the criticism, many of the contradictions in the division organizations for commercial and non-commercial legal entities are not eliminated. Logical volume of this data terms does not correspond and agree with the nature of the activities being undertaken.

Creatively developing the views of famous Russian scientists (L.V. Andreeva, V. S. Belykh, A.G. Bykov, E.P. Gubin, M. A. Egorova, M.N. Ilyushina, B.I. Puginsky, O.A. Serova, V.E. Chirkin), the author proves the need to use the concepts of entrepreneurial and non-entrepreneurial organization as integrated, intersectoral categories, based on the achievements of science business law. In this connection it is suggested to distinguish between the notion of a legal entity in the narrow sense (taking into account the civilistic approach), and in the broader- as intersectoral category. It is this understanding is supported by science of business law and corresponds to the specifics of the relations regulated by law.

Keywords: legal entities; non-profit organizations; for-profit organizations; entrepreneurial activities; commercialactivity


  1. Andreeva L.V. Kommercheskoe (torgovoe) pravo: uchebnik. 3-e izd., pererab. i dop. M.: KNORUS, 2012. 328 s.

  2. Andreeva L.V. O sootnoshenii torgovoj, kommercheskoj i posrednicheskoj dejatel'nosti i predmete kommercheskogo prava // Torgovoe pravo. 2012. №3. S. 12–19.

  3. Belyh V.S. Pravovoe regulirovanie predprinimatel'skoj dejatel'nosti v Rossii: мonografija. M.: Prospekt, 2009. 432 s.

  4. Bykov A.G. O soderzhanii kursa predprinimatel'skogo prava i principah ego postroenija // A.G. Bykov: Chelovek, uchenyj, uchitel'. M.: Startap, 2013. S. 71–103.

  5. Verbickaja Ju.O. O delenii organizacij na kommercheskie i nekommercheskie // Korporacii i uchrezhdenija: sb. st. / otv. red. M.A. Rozhkova. M.: Statut, 2007. S. 7–26.

  6. Vestnik VAS. 2009. №11.

  7. Gubin E.P. Zakonodatel'stvo o predprinimatel'skoj dejatel'nosti: sostojanie i napravlenija sovershenstvovanija // Predprinimatel'skoe pravo. (Pril. «Biznes i pravo v Rossii i za rubezhom»). 2010. №3. S. 85–97.

  8. Egorova M.A. Kommercheskoe pravo: uchebnik dlja vuzov. M.: RANHiGS, Statut, 2013. 640 s.

  9. Zalesskij V.V. Sozdanie i dejatel'nost' kommercheskih organizacij // Pravo i jekonomika. 1998. №1. S. 47–49.

  10. Iljushina M.N. Kommercheskie dogovory: problemy stanovlenija v rossijskom prave // Kommercheskoe pravo: aktual'nye problemy i perspektivy razvitija: sb. st. k jubileju d-ra jurid. nauk, prof. Borisa Ivanovicha Puginskogo / sost. E.A. Abrosimova, S.Ju. Filipova. M.: Statut, 2011. S. 197–212.

  11. Predprinimatel'skoe pravo Rossijskoj Federacii / otv. red. E.P. Gubin, P.G. Lahno. M.: Jurist, 2004. 1001 s.

  12. Serova O.A. Klassifikacionnye kriterii delenija juridicheskih lic po celi dejatel'nosti // Jurid. mir. 2010. №4. S. 21–23.

  13. Serova O.A. Klassifikacija juridicheskih lic: monografija. M.: Jurist, 2009. 232 s.

  14. Chirkin V.E. Nekotorye voprosy teorii o juridicheskih licah publichnogo prava v chastnom prave // Civilist. 2013. №2. S. 31–33.




The Perm State University
614990, Perm, street Bukireva, 15
+7 (342) 2 396 275, +7 963 012 6422
ISSN 1995-4190
(с) Editorial board, 2010
Publishing 4 times a year
The magazine is registered in Federal Agency of supervision in sphere of communication and mass communications.
The certificate on registration of mass media ПИ № ФС77-33087 from September, 5th, 2008
The certificate on reregistration of mass media ПИ № ФС77-53189 from Marth, 14th, 2013

The magazine is included in List ВАК and in РИНЦ (the Russian index of scientific citing)

The founder: the State educational institution of the higher vocational training
“The Perm State University”.