Issue 3 (13) 2011

THE LEGAL ESSENCE OF COMPENSATION AS THE REMEDY OF CIVIL-LAW RESPONSIBILITY

THE LEGAL ESSENCE OF COMPENSATION AS THE REMEDY OF CIVIL-LAW RESPONSIBILITY

R.R. Akhmetov

Perm State National research University
15, Bukirev st., Perm, 614990
E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 

The article is dedicated to the analysis of the legal essence of compensation as the remedy of civil law responsibility. The existing points of view about penal character of compensation, that compensation isn't entered in measures of civil-law responsibility are considered.

In this connection the maintenance of functions of civil-law responsibility, in particular penal, compensatory function has been analysed. It has been found out that penal function is to the full inherent in a civil liability that can be shown, in particular in the raised size of civil-law responsibility. It is noticed that functions of civil-law responsibility, despite their substantial contrast in certain cases (for example, compensatory and penal functions), it is necessary to consider in dialectic unity. It is important that penal (retaliatory, repressive) function is inherent in legal responsibility as a whole and, thus, civil-law responsibility since the specific concept, invariably includes, contains intrinsic signs of patrimonial concept. Thus, certainly, concrete kinds of legal responsibility (criminal, administrative, civil, etc.) сan possess peculiar features, the signs distinguishing them from other kinds of legal responsibility.

It is necessary to notice also that compensation is entered by the legislator into the civil code of the Russian Federation in connection with special character of objects of intellectual property, relations in which occasion are regulated by norms of the fourth part of the civil code of the Russian Federation. And, as researchers mark, it is made for the purpose of simplification and acceleration of consideration of difficult disputes on the rights to the specified objects. Thus the given reasonings are fair under the relation to all results of intellectual activity and the means of an individualization listed in item 1225 of the civil code of the Russian Federation.

The carried out analysis has shown that compensation as a way of protection of exclusive rights is to the full entered in system of ways of protection of the civil rights, corresponds to an essence, an orientation of civil-law responsibility. It is offered to extend norms about compensation to all results of intellectual activity and individualization means.


Keywords: compensation for the violation of the intellectual property rights; remedies of civil-law responsibility


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