Issue 4 (14) 2011

9 EXPIRY OF THE PERIOD OF LIMITATION AS THE GROUNDS FOR THE RELEASE OF LIABILITY

EXPIRY OF THE PERIOD OF LIMITATION AS THE GROUNDS FOR THE RELEASE OF LIABILITY

D.V. Bogdanov

Perm State National Research University
15, Bukirev st., Perm, 614990

E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 

The article is devoted to a complex analysis of the mostly spread grounds for the release of liability – to the expiry of the period of limitation. Having studied the expiry-based liability release institution in the criminal law, the author comes to a conclusion that the approach accepted within the criminal law is inadmissible for the civil law. In the article, the principle types of the limitation periods are researched – general and special. With this the author includes the extended periods and the reduced periods into the special limitation period group.

Besides, the author studies the conditions of the limitation period use for which the following Russian Federation Civil Code norm is applied: the limitation period could be applied by the court based on the party of the argue request made before the court decision is taken. The parties of the argue are the complainant and the defendant. Thus, the limitation period expiration can be claimed either by the complainant or the defendant. In both cases the court rejects the claim.

If the limitation period expiration is claimed by the defendant (the offender) and the court rejects the claim, this situation corresponds to the legal liability principles.

And if the limitation expiration period is claimed by the complainant, and the defendant does not agree with these grounds for the claim rejection, considering for example that he did not commit the offence or there are reasons for him to escape liability. In this case the court rejects the claim in any case independently on the defendant disagreement. The author thinks that if the complainant claims for the limitation period expiration and the defendant does not agree with this, the latter should be given the right to examine the case on its merits and to reject the claim on exonerative grounds. In such a situation, if the court finds the grounds for his bringing to liability, the case is to be sustained.

The conclusion is made that setting a general limitation period in law is explained by the necessity to provide for the stable and stipulated relations between the participants of the civil sphere.


Keywords: expiry of the period of limitation; release of the civil liability; right protection; offence

 

Bibliograficheskijj spisok

  1. Alikperov Kh.D. Osvobozhdenie ot ugolovnojj otvetstvennosti v svjazi s istecheniem srokov davnosti // Zakonnost'. 1999. №8.

  2. Balafendiev A. Osvobozhdenie ot ugolovnojj otvetstvennosti v svjazi s istecheniem srokov davnosti po UK RF // Ugolovnoe pravo. 2011. №1. S. 4–8.

  3. Kirillova M.Ja., Krasheninnikov P.V. Sroki v grazhdanskom prave. Iskovaja davnost'. M.: Statut, 2006. 68 s.

  4. Kodeks vnutrennego vodnogo transporta Rossijjskojj Federacii: feder. zakon Ros. Federacii ot 7 marta 2001g. № 24-FZ (v red. ot 05.04.2011) // SZ RF. 2001. №11. St. 1001.

  5. Kodeks torgovogo moreplavanija Rossijjskojj Federacii: feder. zakon Ros. Federacii ot 30 aprelja 1999g. №81-FZ (red. ot 03.06.2011) // SZ RF. 1999. №18. St. 2207.

  6. Mal'cev V. Osvobozhdenie ot ugolovnojj otvetstvennosti v svjazi s istecheniem srokov davnosti // Ugolovnoe pravo. 2006. №1. S. 45–49.

  7. O nekotorykh voprosakh, svjazannykh s primeneniem norm Grazhdanskogo kodeksa Rossijjskojj Federacii ob iskovojj davnosti: postanovlenie Plenuma Verkhovnogo Suda RF ot 12 nojabrja 2001g. №15, Plenuma VAS RF ot 15 nojabrja 2001g. №18 // Ros. gaz. 2001. 8 dek.

  8. O transportno-ehkspedicionnojj dejatel'nosti: feder. zakon Ros. Federacii ot 30 ijunja 2003 g. №87-FZ // SZ RF. 2003. №27 (ch. 1). St. 2701.

  9. Ob otkaze v prinjatii k rassmotreniju zhaloby grazhdanki Rjabovojj Very Sergeevny na narushenie ee konstitucionnykh prav stat'ejj 153, polozheniem punkta 1 stat'i 200 Grazhdanskogo kodeksa Rossijjskojj Federacii i polozhenijami chasti shestojj stat'i 152 Grazhdanskogo processual'nogo kodeksa Rossijjskojj Federacii. [Ehlektronnyjj resurs]: opredelenie Konstitucionnogo Suda RF ot 21 dekabrja 2006 g. №576-O. Ne opublikovano. Dostup iz SPS «Konsul'tantPljus».

  10. Ob otkaze v prinjatii k rassmotreniju zaprosa Leningradskogo oblastnogo suda o proverke konstitucionnosti stat'i 78 Ugolov­nogo kodeksa Rossijjskojj Federacii: opredelenie Konstitucionnogo Suda RF ot 02 nojabrja 2006g. №488-O // Vestn. Konstitucionnogo Suda RF. 2007. №2.

  11. Ob okhrane okruzhajushhejj sredy: feder. zakon Ros. Federacii ot 10 janvarja 2002 g. №7-FZ // SZ RF. 2002. №2. St. 133.

  12. Ugolovnoe pravo Rossii: uchebnik dlja vuzov / pod red. A.N. Ignatova, Ju.A. Kra­sikova. M.: NORMA, 2000. T. 1. Obshhaja chast'. 639 s.

  13. Ustav avtomobil'nogo transporta i gorodskogo nazemnogo ehlektricheskogo transporta: feder. zakon Ros. Federacii ot 8 nojabrja 2007 g. №259-FZ (v red. ot 21.04.2011 g.) // SZ RF. 2007. №46. St. 5555.

  14. Ustav zheleznodorozhnogo transporta Rossijjskojj Federacii: feder. zakon Ros. Federacii ot 10 janvarja 2003g. №18-FZ // SZ RF. 2003. №2. St. 170.

  15. Flejjshic E.A. Iski // Rimskoe chastnoe pravo / pod red. I.B. Novickogo, I.S. Pereterskogo. M.: Novyjj jurist, 1997. 448 s.

 


      

      

 
The Perm State University
614990, Perm, street Bukireva, 15
+7 (342) 2 396 275, +7 963 012 6422
vesturn@yandex.ru
ISSN 1995-4190
(с) Editorial board, 2010
Publishing 4 times a year
The magazine is registered in Federal Agency of supervision in sphere of communication and mass communications.
The certificate on registration of mass media ПИ № ФС77-33087 from September, 5th, 2008
The certificate on reregistration of mass media ПИ № ФС77-53189 from Marth, 14th, 2013

The magazine is included in List ВАК and in РИНЦ (the Russian index of scientific citing)

The founder: the State educational institution of the higher vocational training
“The Perm State University”.