Issue 4 (14) 2011

7 DEFINITION «SAFETY» IN CIVIL LAW AND THE LEGISLATION

DEFINITION «SAFETY» IN CIVIL LAW AND THE LEGISLATION

V.V. Abramov

Ural State Legal Academy
21, Komsomolskay st., Ekaterinburg, 620137

E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 

The article raises questions about the nature and legal nature of the legal categories "risk" and "safety", revealed their role in the system of legal phenomena. The author analyzes the role and importance of the definition "safety" in the conceptual device of civil law of Russia. Gives a detailed critical review of the current Russian civil legislation, application practices, legal literature on the specified problematic.

Process of formation of the modern domestic concept of risk in civil law is considered. Existing theories of risk are analyzed; issues of risk and civil law relationship are touched in the article. Risk is considered as property of a subject of civil law which is reflected on the civil law regulation method. The author finds out continuity and updating elements, reveals laws of evolution of the theory of risk in the civil law, and defines ways of the decision of debatable questions. The risk theory allows by logic operations over concepts to transform the general principles to concrete forms of regulation of legal processes.

In article the accessory of risk and safety to base categories of civil law also is proved. It has important theoretical value as defines character of practical activities on realization of legal regulation of real estate of the raised risk within the limits of society safety, and also life and health of citizens, including in the civil-law ways. Safety in modern conditions gets standard registration in the current legislation and it isn't as abstract-absolute category any more. Simultaneously safety starts to be considered as the socially-legal phenomenon having the dual nature. On the one hand, safety is the basic condition of maintenance of the vital interests of the person, and also national interests of the state and a society in various spheres (economic, political, social, etc.). On the other hand, safety is opposed in some cases to freedom as its maintenance is reached, including, and by means of restriction of the subjective rights.

The dialectics of investigated concepts expressed in the categorial device of civil law becomes complicated if to consider it within the dialectics of social and cultural development of a society. It is area absolutely unexplored, but extremely perspective from the point of view of the legal theory. The theoretical base created thus is checked further by practice and forms the basis of practical offers and recommendations about perfection of mechanisms of civil-law regulation in a modern society.


Keywords: legal category; risk; safety; civil law


Bibliograficheskij spisok

  1. AgalabaevM.I.Gnoseologicheskajainterpretacijaponjatijabezopasnostikakobshhenauchnojjkategorii // Ros. sledovatel'. 2009. №4. S. 29–32.

  2. Arkhipov A. Ehkonomicheskaja bezopas­nost': ocenki, problemy, sposoby obespe­chenija / A. Arkhipov, A. Gorodeckijj, B. Mikhajjlov. Cit. po: Vasil'ev A.I., Sal'nikov V.P., Stepashin S.V. Nacional'naja bezopasnost' Rossii: konstitucionnoe obespechenie. SPb., S-Peterb. un-t MVD Rossii, 1999. 192 s.

  3. Bukhval'd E. Makroaspekty ehkonomiches­kojj bezopasnosti: faktory, kriterii, poka­zateli // Vopr. ehkonomiki. 1994. №12. S. 25–35.

  4. Vasil'ev A.I. Sistema nacional'nojj bezo­pasnosti Rossijjskojj Federacii (konstitu­cionno-pravovojj analiz): avtoref. dis. ... d-ra jurid. nauk. SPb., 1999. 34 s.

  5. Gadamer X.G. Istina i metod: Osnovy filosofskojj germenevtiki. M.: Progress, 1988. 704 s.

  6. Izzadust Eh.S. Nacional'naja bezopasnost' Rossii: institucional'nyjj kontekst i chelovecheskoe izmerenie. M.: Academia, 2010. 256 c.

  7. Kolotkina O.A. Pravo lichnosti na bezopasnost': ponjatie i mekhanizmy obespechenija v RF: teoretiko-pravovoe issledovanie: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. Saratov, 2009. 26 s.

  8. Mitrokhin V.I. Nacional'naja bezopasnost' Rossii // Intellektual'nyjj mir. 1995. №6. S. 1.

  9. O promyshlennojj bezopasnosti opasnykh proizvodstvennykh ob"ektov: Feder. zakon ot 21.07.1997 №116-FZ (v red. 227-FZ ot 27.07.2010) // SZ RF. 1997. №30. St. 3588.

  10. Ob utverzhdenii Koncepcii nacional'nojj bezopasnosti Rossijjskojj Federacii: Ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 17 dekabrja 1997 g. №1300 // SZ RF. 1997. №52. St. 5909.

  11. Prjanishnikov E.A. Edinstvo «javlenie-ponjatie-termin» i ego znachenie dlja zakonodatel'stva // Sov. gosudarstvo i pravo. 1971. №2. S. 114–117.

  12. Rajjgorodskijj V.L. Nacional'naja bezopasnost' Rossii: politiko-pravovye sredstva obespechenija. Rostovn/D: Izd-vo SKNC VSh, 2004. 212 c.

  13. Rybalkin N.N. Filosofija bezopasnosti: ucheb. posobie. M.: MPSI, 2006. 296 s.

  14. Sineckijj V.P. O ponjatijjnom apparate obshhejj teorii bezopasnosti // Voennaja mysl'. 1994. №8. S. 55–60.

  15. Stepashin S.V. Bezopasnost' cheloveka i obshhestva (politiko-pravovye voprosy). SPb.: Press, 1994. 346 s.

  16. Tambovcev V.L. Ehkonomicheskaja bezopasnost' khozjajjstvennykh sistem: struktura, problemy // Vestn. Mosk. un-ta. Ser. 6. Ehkonomika. 1995. №3. S. 3–9.

  17. Turanin V.Ju. Problemy formirovanija i funkcionirovanija juridicheskojj terminologii v grazhdanskom zakonodatel'stve RF: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. Belgorod, 2002. 22 s.

  18. Shubert T.Eh. Nacional'naja bezopasnost' Rossii: konstitucionno-pravovye aspekty. Sravnitel'no-pravovoe issledovanie. M.: Pravo i zakon, 2001. 176 c.

 

 

 


      

      

 
The Perm State University
614990, Perm, street Bukireva, 15
+7 (342) 2 396 275, +7 963 012 6422
vesturn@yandex.ru
ISSN 1995-4190
(с) Editorial board, 2010
Publishing 4 times a year
The magazine is registered in Federal Agency of supervision in sphere of communication and mass communications.
The certificate on registration of mass media ПИ № ФС77-33087 from September, 5th, 2008
The certificate on reregistration of mass media ПИ № ФС77-53189 from Marth, 14th, 2013

The magazine is included in List ВАК and in РИНЦ (the Russian index of scientific citing)

The founder: the State educational institution of the higher vocational training
“The Perm State University”.