Perm University Herald. Juridical Sciences. 2019. Issue 3 (45)


V. G. Golubtsov, Perm State University

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
ORCID: 0000-0003-3505-2348
ResearcherID: H-4690-2015
Articles of «Scopus» & «Web of Science»:       ---
Requisites: Golubtsov V. G. Sub"ektivnaya dobrosovestnost' v strukture obshhego ponyatiya dobrosovestnosti [Subjective Good Faith in the Structure of the General Concept of Good Faith]. Vestnik Permskogo universiteta. Juridicheskie nauki – Perm University Herald. Juridical Sciences. 2019. Issue 45. Pp. 490–518. (In Russ.). DOI: 10.17072/1995-4190-2019-45-490-518
DOI: 10.17072/1995-4190-2019-45-490-518

Introduction: good faith in civil law is understood both as a generalized phenomenon and as a specific category. As a generalized concept, it can be defined as a universal mechanism of counteracting dishonesty in property turnover. As a specific concept, good faith is studied and applied as a concept, as an evaluative concept, as the basic principle of civil legislation, as a presumption, as a limit of exercising civil rights, as a positive civil duty. There are still ongoing discussions related to what good faith represents in Russian civil law, what its legal content is, and how it complies with the requirements of positive law. At the same time, it is necessary to admit that the discussions actually leave out of consideration the scientific concept of subjective good faith, which exists in legislation in the form of the lexical formula ‘did not know and should not have known’ and other variants hereto, which predetermined the research subject of this article. Purpose: to formulate new theoretical approaches to the stated problem based on the consolidation of the available views on the issue, which would help both to develop a uniform judicial practice and provide civil theory with the new areas in researching good faith and adjacent categories. The methodological framework of the research rests on the general scientific method of scientific cognition, which reflects the connection between the doctrine and the law enforcement practice, as well as on the methods of dialectics, analysis, synthesis, analogy, functional and system approaches. Results: the legislatively established concept of good faith varies in civil law due to positioning it both as a general requirement to conduct of the participants of civil turnover, having a universal nature, and as a special regulation concerning conduct in specific relations. In this connection, it is necessary to distinguish between several ‘profiles’ of good faith: 1. objective good faith, the nature of which forms positive obligation, 2. subjective good faith, identified when there is a violation of the right and therefore a need for its protection through the legislative formula ‘did not know and should not have known’. At the same time, not all the special cases of applying this formula in a statutory text should be viewed as subjective good faith. Having performed formal and logical analysis of this concept, the author concludes that in certain civil law regulations this formula has a constitutive meaning specific for the given regulation and cannot be used as a subjective good faith criterion. In the legislation, there are also cases of applying this formula which are not related to the good faith category. The juridical technique of using this formula in statutory texts in various versions of its lexical expression requires an independent theoretical analysis and consequent improvement as the logic of its application is not always consecutive. Investigating the legal methods of including the categories covering subjective good faith into statutory texts in the supranational European law (contract law and property law), the author makes a conclusion about the necessity of a more structured and limited use of the formula ‘did not know and should not have known’.

Keywords: good faith; universal requirement of the formula; subjective good faith; did not know and should not have known; unawareness; excusable state
  download the full-version article
References: 1. Agarkov M. M. Problema zloupotrebleniya pravom v sovetskom grazhdanskom prave [The Problem of Abuse of Rights in Soviet Civil Law]. Izbrannye trudy po grazhdanskomu pravu: V 2 t. [Selected Works on Civil Law: in 2 vols.]. Moscow, 2002. Vol. 2. 452 p. (In Russ.).
2. Amfiteatrov G. N. Voprosy vindikacii v sovetskom prave [Issues of Vindication in Soviet Law]. Sovetskoe gosudarstvo i pravo – Soviet State and Law. 1941. Issue 2. Pp. 38–47. (In Russ.).
3. Anan'ev A. G. K voprosu ponyatii sostoyaniya v prave: civilisticheskiy aspekt [On the Question of the Concept of State in the Law: the Civil Law Aspect]. Nauchno-metodicheskiy elektronnyj zhurnal "Koncept" – Scientific and Methodological Electronic Journal 'Concept'. 2014. Vol. 20. Pp. 4711–4715. (In Russ.).
4. Arslanov K. M. O svyazi rossiyskogo grazhdanskogo prava i inostrannogo pravovogo opyta v period s XIX veka po nastoyaschee vremya [On the Relationship between Russian Civil Law and Foreign Legal Experience in the Period from the 19th Century to the Present]. XI Vserossiyskaya nauchno-prakticheskaya konferenciya «Derzhavinskie chteniya»: sb. st. / otv. red. O. I. Aleksandrova [XI All-Russian Scientific-Practical Conference 'Derzhavinsky Readings': Collection of Articles; ed. by O. I. Aleksandrova]. Moscow, 2016. Pp. 188–191. (In Russ.).
5. Arkhipova A.G. Obyazannost' predostavit' informaciyu po st. 307 GK RF [Duty to Provide Information under Article 307 (3) of the Russian Civil Code]. Vestnik ekonomicheskogo pravosudiya Rossiyskoy Federacii – Herald of Economic Justice. 2017. Issue 2. Pp. 60–94. (In Russ.).
6. Batchaev Yu. S. Zaschita vladeniya v rossiyskom grazhdanskom prave: dis. ... kand. yurid. nauk [Protection of Ownership in Russian Civil Law: Cand. jurid. sci. diss.]. Stavropol, 2005. 169 p. (In Russ.).
7. Bevzenko R. S. Tendencii sudebnoy praktiki razresheniya sporov, svyazannykh s pervonachal'nym vozniknoveniem prava sobstvennosti na nedvizhimoe imuschestvo [Trends in Judicial Practice of Dispute Resolution Related to the Initial Emergence of Ownership of Real Estate]. Zakon – ZAKON. 2008. Issue 3. Pp. 29–41. (In Russ.).
8. Belov V. A. Kodeks evropeyskogo dogovornogo prava – European Contract Code: obschiy i sravnitel'no-pravovoy kommentariy [European Contract Code: General and Comparative Legal Review]. Book 1. Obschie polozheniya o dogovorakh [General Provisions on Contracts]. Moscow, 2015. 308 p.; Book 2. Otdel'nye vidy dogovorov. Prodazha [Certain Types of Contracts. Sale]. Moscow, 2015. 312 p. (In Russ.).
9. Belov V. A. Yuridicheskie fakty v grazhdanskom prave: uchebnoe posobie dlya bakalavriata i magistratury [Legal Facts in Civil Law: Textbook for Bachelor's and Master's Degrees]. Moscow, 2015. 450 p. (In Russ.).
10. Bespalov Yu . F., Kasatkina A. Yu., Kameneva Z. V., Lidzhieva S. G., Gordeyuk E. V. Kommentariy k razdelu V chasti III Grazhdanskogo kodeksa RF «Nasledstvennoe pravo» (postateynyj) / otv. red. d. yu. n., prof. Yu. F. Bespalov [Commentary on the Section V of the Part Three of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation 'Inheritance Law' (Article by Article); ed. by Yu. F. Bespalov]. Moscow, 2016. Access from the legal reference system 'ConsultantPlus'. (In Russ.).
11. Bogdanov E. V. Kategoriya "dobrosovestnosti" v grazhdanskom prave [Category of 'Good Faith' in Civil Law]. Rossiyskaya yusticiya – Russian Justitia. 1999. Issue 9. Pp. 12–14. (In Russ.).
12. Burkhard Breig. Razvitie principa dobrosovestnosti v nemeckom prave. Vliyanie prava ES na praktiku pravoprimeneniya [Development of Good Faith Principle in German Law. Impact of the EU Law on the Enforcement Practice]. Materialy mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferencii «Sovremennoe chastnoe pravo Rossii i ES». 27 sentyabrya 2012 [Proceedings of the International Research-to-Practice Conference 'Modern Private Law of Russia and the EU'. September 27, 2012]. Access from the legal reference system 'ConsultantPlus'. (In Russ.).
13. Varul P. Principy i model'nye pravila sovremennogo chastnogo prava [Principles and Model Rules of the Today's Private Law]. Zakon – ZAKON. 2014. Issue 6. Pp. 56–61. (In Russ.).
14. Volkov A. V. Princip nedopustimosti zloupotrebleniya grazhdanskimi pravami v zakonodatel'stve i sudebnoy praktike (Analiz bolee 250 sudebnykh del o zloupotreblenii pravom) [The Principle of Non-Abuse of Civil Rights in Legislation and Judicial Practice (Analysis of More than 250 Cases of Abuse of Rights)]. Moscow, 2010. 960 p. (In Russ.).
15. Volkov V. A. Dobrosovestnost' i razumnost' v koncepcii "zloupotreblenie grazhdanskim pravom" [Good Faith and Reasonableness in the Concept of 'Abuse of Civil Rights']. Aktual'nye problemy rossiyskogo prava – Actual Problems of Russian Law. 2009. Issue 3 (12). Pp. 240–250. (In Russ.).
16. Volfson V. L. Princip dobrosovestnosti kak legal'naya prezumpciya beskonfliktnosti namereniy v osuschestvlenii sub"ektivnogo grazhdanskogo prava [The Principle of Good Faith as a Legal Presumption of the Absence of Conflict of Intentions in the Implementation of a Civil Right]. Yuridicheskaya mysl' – Legal Thought. 2018. Issue 3 (107). Pp. 62–68. (In Russ.).
17. Vstupitel'noe slovo A. V. Egorova [Introductory Speech by A. V. Egorov] in: Papchenkova E. A. Vozvrat ispolnennogo po rastorgnutomu narushennomu dogovoru: sravnitel'nyj analiz rossiyskogo i nemeckogo prava [Return of the Executed under the Terminated Breached Contract: a Comparative Analysis of Russian and German Law]. Moscow, 2017. P. 5. (In Russ.).
18. GK RSFSR. Kommentariy pod red. prof. A. G. Goykhbarga i I.G. Koblenca. 2 izd. [Civil Code of the RSFSR. Commentary under the editorship of A.G. Goykhbarg and I.G. Koblents. 2nd ed.]. Moscow, 1925. 559 p. (In Russ.).
19. Grazhdanskoe pravo. Uchebnik dlya vuzov v trekh chastyakh. Chast' pervaya / pod red. V. P. Kamyshanskogo, N. M. Korshunova, V. I. Iva¬¬¬nova [Civil Law. Textbook for Universities in 3 Parts; ed. by V. P. Kamyshanskiy, N. M. Korshunov, V. I. Ivanov]. Moscow, 2009. Part One. 480 p. (In Russ.).
20. Grazhdanskoe pravo: Uchebnik. V 2 t. / Pod red. B. M. Gongalo. T. 1. [Civil Law: Textbook. In 2 vols.; ed. by B.M. Gongalo]. Moscow, 2017. Vol. 1. 511 p. (In Russ.).
21. Dozhdev D. V. Dobrosovestnost' (bona fides) kak pravovoy princip [Good Faith (Bona Fides) as a Legal Principle]. Politiko-pravovye cennosti: istoriya i sovremennost' / pod red. V. S. Nersesyanca [Political and Legal Values: History and Modernity; ed. by V. S. Nersesyants]. Moscow, 2000. 256 p. (In Russ.).
22. Drozdova T. Yu. Dobrosovestnost' v rossiyskom grazhdanskom prave: avtoref. dis. ... kand. yurid. nauk [Good Faith in the Russian Civil Law: Synopsis of Cand. jurid. sci. diss.]. Moscow, 2005. 28 p. (In Russ.).
23. Egorov A. Novye polozheniya o dobrosovestnosti i zloupotreblenii pravom. Kakuyu pol'zu prinesut oni na praktike [New Provisions on Good Faith and Abuse of Rights. What Benefit They will Bring in Practice]. Yurist kompanii – Corporate Lawyer. 2013. Issue 7. Access from the legal reference system "ConsultantPlus". (In Russ.).
24. Egorov A. Princip dobrosovestnosti v Grazhdanskom kodekse RF: pervye shagi reformy [The Principle of Good Faith in the Civil Code of the Russian Federation: First Steps of the Reform]. Legal Insight. 2013. Issue 2. Pp. 4–10. (In Russ.).
25. Zezekalo A. Yu. Zabluzhdenie pri sovershenii sdelki: Monografiya [Misconception in the Transaction: Monograph]. Tomsk, 2011. 198 p. (In Russ.).
26. Karlyavin I. Yu. K voprosu o kontrole soderzhaniya dogovorov v prave Evropeyskogo soyuza, konstitucionnom i chastnom prave Germanii [To the Issue of Control over the Content of Treaties in European Union Law, Constitutional and Private Law in Germany]. Nauchnyj poisk – Scientific Search. 2015. Issue 1.4. Pp. 8–13. (In Russ.).
27. Karlyavin I. Yu. Princip dobrosovestnosti (treu und glauben) v pravovoy doktrine nemeckoyazychnykh stran: teoretiko-prakticheskie predposylki i konstruirovanie [The Concept of Good Faith (Treu und Glauben) in the Legal Doctrine of German-Speaking Countries: Theoretical and Practical Background and Design]. Lex Russica. 2015. Issue 1. Pp. 112–133. (In Russ.).
28. Kolosovskiy O. V. O neobkhodimosti otgranicheniya osoznannogo nevedeniya ot suschestvennogo zabluzhdeniya pri sovershenii sdelki [On the Distinction between Conscious Ignorance and Fundamental Bargaining Mistake]. Rossiyskiy yuridicheskiy zhurnal – Russian Juridical Journal. 2016. Issue 2 (107). Pp. 125–135. (In Russ.).
29. Kommentariy k Grazhdanskomu kodeksu Rossiyskoy Federacii chasti tret'ei (postateynyj). 4-e izd. / otv. red.: doktora yuridicheskikh nauk, zasluzhennye deyateli nauki Rossiyskoy Federacii N. I. Marysheva, K. B. Yaroshenko [Commentary on the Part Three of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation (Article by Article). 4th ed.; ed. by N. I. Marysheva, K. B. Yaroshenko]. Moscow, 2014. Access from the legal reference system 'ConsultantPlus'. (In Russ.).
30. Krasnova S. A. Opredelenie ponyatiya «dobrosovestnosti» v rossiyskom grazhdanskom prave [Definition of 'Good Faith' in Russian Civil Law]. Zhurnal rossiyskogo prava – Journal of Russian Law. 2003. Issue 3. Pp. 62–67. (In Russ.).
31. Krasovskiy A. A. K reforme nashego grazhdanskogo processa [To the Reform of Our Civil Process]. Vestnik grazhdanskogo prava – Civil Law Review. 1914. Issue 3. Pp. 56–102. (In Russ.).
32. Kulikov K. A. Princip ob"ektivnoy i sub"ektivnoy dobrosovestnosti v grazhdanskom prave i mekhanizm ego realizacii v grazhdanskom prave Rossii [The Principle of Objective and Subjective Good Faith in Civil Law and the Mechanism of Its Implementation in Civil Law of Russia]. Pravo. Zakonodatel'stvo. Lichnost' – Law. Legislation. Person. 2016. Issue 2 (23). Pp. 44–48. (In Russ.).
33. Kurbatov A. Ya. Princip nedopustimosti zloupotrebleniya pravom: k starym problemam dobavilis' novye [The Principle of Inadmissibility of Abusing Rights: Old Problems Remain, New Problems Arise]. Zakon – ZAKON. 2013. Issue 9. Pp. 36–43. (In Russ.).
34. Meyer D. I. Russkoe grazhdanskoe pravo: v 2 ch. [Russian Civil Law: in 2 parts]. Moscow, 2000. Part 1. 781 p. (In Russ.).
35. Merezhkina M. V. Princip dobrosovestnosti kak vektor obnovleniya grazhdanskogo zakonodatel'stva [Good Faith Principle as a Vector of Civil Legislation Modernization]. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 5. Yurisprudenciya –Science Journal of Volgograd State University. Jurisprudence. 2013. Issue 4 (21). Pp. 32–35. (In Russ.).
36. Misnik N. N. O vladenii imuschestvom kak sobstvennym i dobrosovestnom vladenii v priobretatel'noy davnosti [On the Possession of Property as One's Own and on the Possession in Good Faith in Acquisitive Prescription]. Vestnik grazhdanskogo prava – Civil Law Review. 2007. Issue 2. Pp. 52–54. (In Russ.).
37. Model'nye pravila 2013: Model'nye pravila Evropeyskogo chastnogo prava / per. s angl. Sankt-Peterburgskiy gos. universitet; nauch. red. N.Yu. Rasskazova; per. s angl. N.Yu. Aleksandrova i dr. [Model Rules 2013: Model Rules of European Private Law. St. Petersburg State University; ed. by N.Yu. Rasskazova; transl. from English by N.Yu. Aleksandrov et al.]. Moscow, 2013. 989 p. Access from the legal reference system 'ConsultantPlus'. (In Russ.).
38. Model'nye pravila Evropeyskogo chastnogo prava / per. s angl. Sankt-Peterburgskii gos. universitet; nauch. red. N. Yu. Rasskazova; per. s angl. N. Yu. Aleksandrova i dr. [Model Rules of European Private Law. St. Petersburg State University; ed. by N. Yu. Rasskazova; transl. from English by N. Yu. Aleksandrov et al.]. Moscow, 2013. 987 p. (In Russ.).
39. Nam K. V. Istoriya principa dobrosovestnosti (treu und glauben) do prinyatiya germanskogo grazhdanskogo ulozheniya [History of the Principle of Good Faith (Treu und Glauben) before the Adoption of the German Civil Code]. LEX RUSSICA. 2018. Issue 5 (138). Pp. 97–108. (In Russ.).
40. Novikova T. V. Ponyatie dobrosovestnosti v grazhdanskom prave: dis. ... kand. yurid. nauk [The Concept of Good Faith in Civil Law: Cand. jurid. sci. diss.]. Rostov-on-Don, 2009. (In Russ.).
41. Novikova Yu. S. Mesto faktov-sostoyaniy v teorii yuridicheskikh faktov [Place of Facts-States in the Theory of Legal Facts]. Vestnik Udmurtskogo universiteta. Ekonomika i pravo – Bulletin of Udmurt University. Series Economics and Law. 2011. Issue 4. Pp. 139–141. (In Russ.).
42. Novickiy I. B. Princip dobroy sovesti v proekte obyazatel'stvennogo prava [The Principle of Good Faith in the Draft Law of Obligations]. Vestnik grazhdanskogo prava – Civil Law Review. 2006. Issue 1. Access from the legal reference system 'ConsultantPlus'. (In Russ.).
43. Obzor materialov kruglogo stola «Pervye itogi modernizacii nacional'nykh grazhdanskikh zakonodatel'stv», sostoyavshegosya v ramkakh Peterburgskogo mezhdunarodnogo yuridicheskogo foruma [Review of the Proceedings of the Round Table 'The First Results of the Modernization of National Civil Legislations', held in the Framework of the St. Petersburg International Legal Forum]. Available at:¬ticle/250647 (asseced 24.01.2019). (In Russ.).
44. Permyakov A. V. Zabluzhdenie kak yuridicheskiy fakt-sostoyanie [Ignorance as a Legal Fact-State]. Akademicheskiy vestnik – Academic Bulletin. 2012. Issue 1 (19). Pp. 95–98. (In Russ.).
45. Permyakov A. V., Komissarova E. G. Yuridicheskie fakty i yuridicheskie sostoyaniya: problemy teoreticheskogo osvoeniya [Legal Facts and Legal Status: Problems of Theoretical Development]. Obschestvo: politika, ekonomika, pravo – Society: Politics, Economics, Law. 2018. Issue 6 (50). Pp. 73–79. (In Russ.).
46. Pokrovskiy I. A. Osnovnye problemy grazhdanskogo prava [The Main Problems of Civil Law]. Petrograd, 1917. 234 p. (In Russ.).
47. Popov V. S., Kozhevnikov V. A. O prichine, prepyatstvuyuschey udovletvoritel'nomu razresheniyu problemy «dobrosovestnosti» v grazhdanskom prave [On the Reason Preventing Satisfactory Solution to the Problem of 'Good Faith' in Civil Law]. Probely v rossiyskom zakonodatel'stve – Gaps in Russian Legislation. 2014. Issue 3. Pp. 74–79. (In Russ.).
48. Principy mezhdunarodnykh kommercheskikh dogovorov UNIDRUA 2010 / per. s angl. A. S. Komarova [UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts 2010; transl. from English by A. S. Komarov]. Moscow, 2013. 758 p. (In Russ.).
49. Protasov V. N., Protasova N. V. Lekcii po obschey teorii prava i teorii gosudarstva [Lectures on General Theory of Law and Theory of State]. Moscow, 2010. 751 p. (In Russ.).
50. Puginskiy B. I., Amirov A. T. Principy Evropeyskogo dogovornogo prava: yuridicheskaya priroda, osnovnye polozheniya i perspektivy razvitiya [Principles of the European Contract Law: Legal Nature, Main Provisions and Prospects]. Kommercheskoe pravo – MSU Commercial Law Journal. 2011. Issue 2 (9). Pp. 104–114. (In Russ.).
51. Razbeyko N. V. Teoriya yuridicheskikh faktov-sostoyaniy na sovremennom etape razvitiya pravovoy nauki [The Theory of Legal Facts-States at the Present Stage of Development of the Law Science]. Vestnik Krasnodarskogo universiteta MVD Rossii – Bulletin of Krasnodar University of Russian MIA. 2016. Issue 3 (33). Pp. 187–191. (In Russ.).
52. Rasskazova N. Yu. Panel'naya sessiya VII Mezhdunarodnogo Peterburgskogo ekonomicheskogo foruma 22 maya 2017 g. [Panel Session of the VII St. Petersburg International Economic Forum. May 22, 2017]. Access from the legal reference system 'ConsultantPlus'. (In Russ.).
53. Rozhkova M. A. Yuridicheskie fakty grazh¬danskogo i processual'nogo prava: soglasheniya o zaschite prav i processual'nye soglasheniya [Legal Facts of Civil and Procedural Law: Agreements on Protection of Rights and Procedural Agreements]. Moscow, 2009. 332 p. (In Russ.).
54. Ryzhenkov A. Ya. Princip dobrosovestnosti v obnovlennom grazhdanskom zakonodatel'stve [The Principle of Bona Fide in the Renewed Civil Legislation]. Pravo i obrazovanie – Law and Education. 2013. Issue 9. Pp. 62–69. (In Russ.).
55. Ryzhenkov A.Ya. Princip dobrosovestnosti v obnovlennom grazhdanskom zakonodatel'stve [The Principle of Bona Fide in the Renewed Civil Legislation]. Probely v rossiyskom zakonodatel'stve – Gaps in Russian Legislation. 2013. Issue 3. Pp. 68–71. (In Russ.).
56. Savel'ev V.A. Spravedlivost' (aequitas) i dobrosovestnost' (bona fides) v rimskom prave klassicheskogo perioda [Justice (Aequitas) and Integrity (Bona Fides) in Roman Law, the Classical Period]. Gosudarstvo i pravo – State and Law. 2014. Issue 3. Pp. 63–72. (In Russ.).
57. Samoylov E.Yu. Ob"ektivnyj kriteriy dobrosovestnosti priobretatelya [Objective Criterion of Good Faith of the Acquirer]. Zakonodatel'stvo – Legislation. 2009. Issue 10. Pp. 10–19. (In Russ.).
58. Sbornik mezhdunarodnykh dogovorov SSSR [The Collection of International Treaties of the USSR]. Issue XLII. Mezhdunarodnye dogovory SSSR, vstupivshie v silu s 1 yanvarya po 31 dekabrya 1986 goda / MID SSSR [International Treaties of the USSR that Entered into Force from January 1 to December 31, 1986; Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the USSR]. Moscow, 1988. 413 p. (In Russ.).
59. Svod Zakonov Rossiyskoy imperii [Code of Laws of the Russian Empire]. St. Petersburg, 1900. Vol. 10. Part1. 604 p. (In Russ.).
60. Sklovskiy K. I. Tolkovanie dobrosovestnosti kak obyazannost' suda [Interpretation of Good Faith as the Duty of the Court]. Zakon – ZAKON. 2017. Issue 1. Pp. 106–109. (In Russ.).
61. Sklovskiy K. I. Sobstvennost' v grazhdanskom prave [Property in Civil Law]. Moscow, 2008. 922 p. (In Russ.).
62. Stuchka P. I. Izbrannye proizvedeniya po marksistsko-leninskoy teorii prava [Selected Works on the Marxist-Leninist Theory of Law]. Riga, 1964. 748 p. (In Russ.).
63. Suleymenov M. K. Dobrosovestnost' v grazhdanskom prave: problemy teorii i praktiki [Good Faith in Civil Law: Problems of Theory and Practice]. Dobrosovestnost' v grazhdanskom pra¬ve: Materialy Mezhdunar. nauch.-prakt. konf. v ramkakh ezhegod. civilisticheskikh chteniy, posvyaschen. 20-letiyu Grazhdanskogo kodeksa Respubliki Kazakhstan (Almaty, 22–23 maya 2014 g.) / otv. red. M. K. Suleymenov [Good Faith in Civil Law: Proceedings of International Scientific-Practical Conference within the Framework of the Annual Civil Readings Devoted to the 20th Anniversary of the Civil Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan (Almaty, May 22-23, 2014); ed. by M. K. Suley¬menov]. Almaty, 2014. Pp. 10–25. (In Russ.).
64. Suprun V.V. Vliyanie neosvedomlennosti sub"ektov na ikh polozhenie v grazhdanskom prave: avtoref. dis... kand. yurid. nauk [Influence of Ignorance of Subjects on Their Position in Civil Law: Synopsis of Cand. jurid. sci. diss.]. Rostov-on-Don, 2011. 30 p. (In Russ.).
65. Suprun V.V. O ponyatii ne informirovannosti v grazhdanskom prave [On the Notion of Non-Awareness in the Russian Civil Law]. Severo-Kavkazskiy yuridicheskiy vestnik – North Caucasus Legal Vestnik. 2009. Issue 3. Pp. 62–65. (In Russ.).
66. Sukhanov E. A. Prishlo nastoyaschee grazhdanskoe pravo (interv'yu zaveduyuschego kafedroy grazhdanskogo prava MGU) [Real Civil Law Came (Interview with the Head of the Department of Civil Law of Moscow State University)]. Moskovskiy yurist – Moscow Jurist. 2012. Issue 1 (5). Pp. 28–37. (In Russ.).
67. Telyukina M. N. Kommentariy k razdelu V Grazhdanskogo kodeksa Rossiyskoy Federacii [Commentary on the Section V of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation]. Zakonodatel'stvo i ekonomika – Legislation and Economics. 2002. Issue 8–10. (In Russ.).
68. Teoriya gosudarstva i prava: uchebnik dlya bakalavrov / pod red. V. K. Babaeva [Theory of State and Law: Textbook for Bachelors; ed. by V. K. Babaev]. Moscow, 2013. 715 p. (In Russ.).
69. Trunin A. A. Dobrosovestnost' kak predponimanie (na primere tolkovaniya dogovora) [Good Faith as a Pre-Understanding (on the example of Interpretation of a Contract)]. Pravovedenie. 2015. Issue 4. Pp. 109–110. (In Russ.).
70. Khrapunova E .A. K voprosu mesta sostoyaniy v sisteme yuridicheskikh faktov, vlekuschikh vozniknovenie, izmenenie i prekraschenie grazhdanskikh pravootnosheniy [To the Question of the Place of States in the System of Legal Facts, Entailing the Emergence, Change and Termination of Civil Relations]. Nauka i obrazovanie: khozyaystvo i ekonomika; predprinimatel'stvo; pravo i upravlenie – Science and Education: Economy; Entrepreneurship; Law and Management. 2012. Issue 2. Pp. 78–81. (In Russ.).
71. Chegovadze L. A., Ryabov A. E. Yuridicheskie fakty: sobytiya, deystviya, sostoyaniya [Legal Facts: Events, Actions, States]. Pravosudie v Povolzh'e – Justice in the Volga Region. 2004. Issue 2. Pp. 107–114. (In Russ.).
72. Shaykhutdinov E. M. Dobrosovestnost' kak yavlenie neopredelennosti prava [Good Faith as a Phenomenon of Uncertainty of Law]. Opredelennost' i neopredelennost' prava kak parnye kategorii: problemy teorii i praktiki: Materialy XII mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferencii. V 3-kh chastyakh [Certainty and Uncertainty of Law as Paired Categories: Problems of Theory and Practice: Proceedings of the XII International Scientific-Practical Conference. In 3 Parts]. Moscow, 2018. Part 1. 460 p. (In Russ.).
73. Shirvindt A. M. Kommentariy k Obzoru sudebnoy praktiki po nekotorym voprosam, svyazannym s istrebovaniem imuschestva iz chuzhogo nezakonnogo vladeniya (informacionnoe pis'mo) Prezidiuma VAS RF ot 13 noyabrya 2008 g. № 126 [Commentary on the Review of Judicial Practice on Certain Issues Relating to the Recovery of Property from Illegal Possession (Information Letter) of the Presidium of the Supreme Arbitration Court of the Russian Federation of November 13, 2008 No. 126]. Vestnik grazhdanskogo prava – Civil Law Review. 2009. Issue 1. Pp. 131–133. (In Russ.).
74. Shirvindt A. M. Princip dobrosovestnosti v GK RF i sravnitel'noe pravovedenie / A.M. Shirvindt [The Principle of Good Faith in the Civil Code of the Russian Federation and Comparative Law; M.A. Shirvindt]. Moscow, 2014. 254 p. (In Russ.).
75. Schennikova L. V., Bykova M. O. O dobrosovestnosti kak principe grazhdanskogo prava [On Good Faith as a Principle of Civil Law]. Vlast' zakona – The Reign of Law. 2013. Issue 4 (16). Pp. 47–51. (In Russ.).
76. Yurchenko O. Yu. Fakty-sostoyaniya v grazhdanskom prave [Facts-States in the Civil Law]. Voprosy sovremennoy yurisprudencii. Sb. statey po materialam III mezhdunar. nauch.-prakt. konf. [Issues of Modern Jurisprudence. Collection of Articles on the Proceedings of the III International Scientific-Practical Conference]. Novosibirsk, 2015. Issue 9 (49). (In Russ.).
77. Yakubchik M. M. Kompleksnoe ponyatie dobrosovestnosti: sootnoshenie s doktrinoy zloupotrebleniya pravom [Complex Concept of Good Faith: Correlation with the Doctrine of Misuse of Right]. Zhurnal rossiyskogo prava – Journal of Russian Law. 2012. Issue 10 (109). Pp. 107–115. (In Russ.).
78. Yarkov V. V. Yuridicheskie fakty v civilisticheskom processe [Legal Facts in the Civil Process]. Moscow, 2012. 608 p. (In Russ.).
79. Critical Discussion by Justus Wilhelm Hedemann (Die Flucht in die General Klauseln Eine Gefahr für Recht und Staat). 1993. 10 p. (In Eng.).
80. Larenz K. Lehrbuch des Schuldrechts. Vol. 1. General Part. Munich, 1987. P. 127. (In Germ.).
81. Maine H. Ancient Law. London, 1861. P. 340. Op. cit.: Methods of Development of Positive Law and the Public Importance of Lawyers from Glossators to the End of the 18th Century. Study by A. Stoyanov. Kharkov, 1862. 304 p. (In Eng.).
82. Principles of European Contract Law. Parts I and II; ed. by O. Lando, H. Beale. The Hague; London; Boston, 2000. (In Eng.).
83. Schermaier M. Bona Fides in Roman Contract. Good Faith in European Contract Law; ed. by S. Whittaker, R. Zimmermann. Cambridge University Press, 2000. (In Eng.).
84. Zimmermann R. The Law of Obligations: Roman Foundations of the Civilian Tradition. Juta & Co Ltd., Kluwer, 1992. P. 675. (In Eng.).
85. Zimmermann R., Whittaker S. Good Faith in European Contract Law. P. 30. (In Eng.).
Received: 03.02.2019
Financing: ---




The Perm State University
614990, Perm, street Bukireva, 15
+7 (342) 2 396 275
ISSN 1995-4190 ISSN (eng.) 2618-8104
ISSN (online) 2658-7106
DOI 10.17072/1995-4190
(с) Editorial board, 2010
The magazine is registered in Federal Agency of supervision in sphere of communication and mass communications.
The certificate on registration of mass media ПИ № ФС77-33087 from September, 5th, 2008
The certificate on reregistration of mass media ПИ № ФС77-53189 from Marth, 14th, 2013

The magazine is included in List ВАК and in the Russian index of scientific citing

The founder & Publisher: the State educational institution of the higher training
“The Perm State University”.
Publishing 4 times a year