Perm University Herald. Juridical Sciences. 2019. Issue 3 (45)

Title: ELECTRONIC DOCUMENT FLOW IN THE FIELD OF JUSTICE IN THE DIGITAL ECONOMY
Authors:

D. Kh. Valeev, Kazan Federal University

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
ORCID: 0000-0002-3233-2400
ResearcherID: K-7345-2016
Articles of «Scopus» & «Web of Science»:       ---

A. G. Nuriev, Constitutional Court of the Republic of Tatarstan

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
ORCID: 0000-0001-7373-5938
ResearcherID: M-2136-2013
Articles of «Scopus» & «Web of Science»:       --- 
Requisites: Valeev D. Kh., Nuriev A. G. Elektronnyy dokumentooborot v sfere pravosudiya v usloviyakh tsifrovoy ekonomiki [Electronic Document Flow in the Field of Justice in the Digital Economy]. Vestnik Permskogo universiteta. Juridicheskie nauki – Perm University Herald. Juridical Sciences. 2019. Issue 45. Pp. 467–489. (In Russ.). DOI: 10.17072/1995-4190-2019-45-467-489
DOI: 10.17072/1995-4190-2019-45-467-489
Annotation:

Introduction: digital data are becoming a factor that can influence the legal consequences of actions taken. The process of ‘digitalization’ in our state develops in two directions. One direction, ‘tactical’, implies the impossibility of ignoring the changes in the usual way of life associated with the inextricable connection of many routine operations with the use of digital technologies. There takes place a process of enhancing the digital environment, through situational legal regulation. Another direction, which can be called ‘strategic’, involves the development of an integrated approach with an indication of the development benchmarks and control points. The implementation of the ‘strategic’ direction presupposes the existence of a complex of effective legal instruments capable of providing the main task – making digital data a key factor for development in all areas of social relations. A specific feature of legal regulation in the digital economy is the emergence of a relationship between digital technologies, opening up new communication opportunities, and a system of legal regulators, providing the possibility of their use. Changes in the substantive branches of law caused by ‘digitalization’ of social relations cannot but influence the procedural relations designed to ensure strict compliance with the norms of substantive law. Procedural relations, as well as substantive relations, taking into account the achievements and possibilities of digital technologies, are undergoing a certain transformation: there are appearing new opportunities for the implementation of procedural rights and obligations; existing legal instruments are being filled with new content. At the same time, procedural relations, public in nature, have a strictly established sequence of actions, an algorithm suggesting the impossibility of implementing the ‘tactical’ direction in the ‘digitalization’ of procedural relations, since changes made to one of the stages and (or) the possibilities of procedural actions associated with the use of digital technologies at one of the stages inevitably entail systemic changes that ultimately affect the purpose of the proceedings - the correct and timely consideration of the case. Digitization of social relations cannot also occur without an assessment of the risk factors that may arise as a result of the introduction of digital technologies, which implies the need to construct a classifier of risks that affect the exercise of the constitutional right to judicial protection. Purpose: to categorize the potential for the application of digital technologies in procedural relations in terms of procedural consequences and thus distinguish between the electronic document flow in the field of justice and electronic justice. Methods: the methodological basis of the research was formed by the general provisions of the sciences of the civil process, constitutional process, and administrative process. The following methods of scientific cognition were used: dialectical, sociological. Conclusions: based on the research results, two criteria have been identified that make it possible to perform differentiation concerning the use of digital technologies in the administration of justice and thus distinguish between the electronic document flow in justice and electronic justice (e-justice). These criteria are the level of regulatory control over the use of digital technologies and the entity exercising its public powers through the application of these technologies. There have also been identified three groups of risks arising in the digital economy when accessing justice and in the administration of justice.

Keywords: digital technologies; electronic document flow in justice; e-justice; digital economy; Information society; transformation of procedural branches.
  download the full-version article
References: 1. Avakyan E. G. Opyt sozdaniya sistemy elektronnogo pravosudiya v arbitrazhnykh sudakh RF [Development of Electronic Public Justice System in Arbitration Courts of the Russian Federation]. Vestnik Vysshego Arbitrazhnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii – Herald of the Supreme Arbitrazh Court of the Russian Federation. 2011. Issue 6. Pp. 68–74. (In Russ.).
2. Androshchuk V. V., Shved E. N. Ponyatie "elektronnoe pravosudie": postanovka problemy [The Concept of "Electronic Justice": Problem Statement]. Sbornik materialov VI Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii "Informacionnye tekhnologii i pravo: Pravovaya informatizaciya – 2018" [Review of the VI International Scientific and Practical Conference Information Technologies and Law (Legal Informatization 2018)]. Minsk, 2018. Pp. 360–364. (In Russ.).
3. Anosov A. V. Elektronnoe pravosudie kak instrument razvitiya informacionnoj funkcii gosudarstva [Electronic Justice as a Tool for the Development of the Information Function of the State]. Obshchestvo i pravo – Society and Law. 2013. Issue 1(43). Pp. 239–241. (In Russ.).
4. Valeev D. Kh., Nuriev A. G. "Dopro-cessual'nyj" tekhnicheskij etap pred"yavleniya iskovogo zayavleniya v elektronnom vide i ego osobennosti v kontekste realizacii konstitucionnogo prava na sudebnuyu zashchitu v usloviyakh cifrovoj ekonomiki [The Pre-Action Technical Stage of Electronic Claim Filing and Its Peculiarities within the Framework of Exercising of the Constitutional Right to Judicial Protection in the Conditions of Digital Economy]. Rossijskij sud'ya – Russian Judge. 2019. Issue 4. Pp. 3–7. (In Russ.).
5. Golubcov V. G. Elektronnye dokazatel'stva v kontekste elektronnogo pravosudiya [Electronic Evidence in the Context of E-Justice]. Vestnik grazhdanskogo processa – Herald of Civil Procedure. 2019. Issue 1. Pp. 170–189. (In Russ.).
6. Duguzheva M. Kh., Simaeva E. P. Transformaciya zakonodatel'stva o kul'ture v usloviyakh cifrovizacii [Transformation of the Legislation on Culture in the Context of Digitalization]. Vestnik Permskogo universiteta. Juridicheskie nauki – Perm University Herald. Juridical Sciences. 2019. Issue 2. Pp. 190–208. (In Russ.). DOI: 10.17072/ 1995-4190-2019-44-190-208.
7. El'chaninova N. B. Perspektivy vnedreniya elektronnogo pravosudiya: pravovye problemy obespecheniya informacionnoj bezopasnosti [Prospects of E-Justice Implementation: Legal Problems of Ensuring Information Security]. Obshchestvo: politika, ekonomika, pravo – Society: Politics, Economics, Law. 2017. Issue 7. Pp. 50–53. (In Russ.).
8. Zhukov B. B. "Faktory riska" kak faktor riska ['Risk Factors' as a Risk Factor]. Otechestvennye zapiski – Domestic Notes. 2014. Issue 2(59). Pp. 112–122. (In Russ.).
9. Kryuchkov R. A. Pravovaya prezumpciya riska [Legal Presumption of Risk]. Sovremennoe pravo – Modern Law. 2009. Issue 12. Pp. 56–58. (In Russ.).
10. Malinin V. B. Pravovoe regulirovanie informacii [Legal Regulation of Information]. Leningradskij yuridicheskij zhurnal – Leningradskiy Juridical Journal. 2015. Issue 3. Pp. 120–130. (In Russ.).
11. Malyutina O. A. Kategoriya risk v predprinimatel'skom prave [The Category 'Risk' in Business Law]. Vestnik Nizhegorodskoj pravovoj akademii – Herald of the Nizhny Novgorod Academy of Law. 2016. Issue 8(8). Pp. 57–58. (In Russ.).
12. Makhutov N. A., Gadenin M. M. Ocenka i kontrol' riskov v tekhnogennoj sfere [Assessment and Control of Risks in the Technogenic Area]. Partnery i konkurenty – Partners and Competitors. 2006. Issue 1. Pp. 22–26. (In Russ.).
13. Noskov I. Yu. Vnedrenie elektronnogo pravosudiya kak vazhnejshee napravlenie sovershenstvovaniya sudebnoj sistemy Rossijskoj Federacii Introduction of E-Justice System as the Most Important Area of Improving the Judicial System of the Russian Federation]. Sovremennoe pravo – Modern Law. 2011. Issue 10. Pp. 120–122. (In Russ.).
14. Nuriev A. G. K voprosu o ponyatii notarial'nogo prava [To the Issue of the Concept of Notarial Law]. Arbitrazhnyj i grazhdanskij process – Arbitrazh and Civil Procedure. 2007. Issue 6. Pp. 22–27. (In Russ.).
15. Ojgenzikht V. A. Kategoriya "riska" v sovetskom grazhdanskom prave [The Category of 'Risk' in Soviet Civil Law]. Izvestiya VUZ. Pravovedenie. 1971. Issue 5. Pp. 64–70. (In Russ.).
16. Palekhova E. A. Ponyatie informacii i cifrovoj ekonomiki: pravovye aspekty [The Concept of Information and Digital Economy: Legal Aspects]. Predprinimatel'skoe pravo – Prilozhenie – Entrepreneurial Law – Appendix. 2019. Issue 2. Pp. 46–49. (In Russ.).
17. Petrova V. V. Elementy elektronnogo pravosudiya v APK RF [Elements of Electronic Justice in the Code of Arbitration Procedure of the Russian Federation]. Zakon – ZAKON. 2011. Issue 2. Pp. 66–72. (In Russ.).
18. Ponkin I. V., Red'kina A. I. Klassifikaciya kak metod nauchnogo issledovania, v chastnosti v yuridicheskoj nauke [Classification as a Method of Scientific Research, Particularly in Jurisprudence]. Vestnik Permskogo universiteta. Juridicheskie nauki – Perm University Herald. Juridical Sciences. 2017. Issue 3 (37). Pp. 249–259. (In Russ.). DOI: 10.17072/1995-4190-2017-37-249-259.
19. Yarkov V. V. Blokchejn i notariat: opyt pervoj ocenki [Blockchain System and Notarial Service: the Experience of the First Estimation]. Notarial'nyj vestnik – Notary Herald. 2017. Issue 8. Pp. 36–41. (In Russ.).
20. Akhmetov A. T., Bekisheva S., Syrbu A. V., Kainazarova D. B. Retrospective Review of Information Technologies in the Criminal Code of Kazakhstan. Journal of Advanced Research in Law and Economics (JARLE). Issue 35/IX/2018. Pp. 1545–1550. (In Eng.).
21. Altwicker T. International Legal Scholarship and the Challenge of Digitalization. Chinese Journal of International Law, jmz012. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1093/chinesejil/ jmz012. (accessed 03.06.2019). (In Eng.).
22. Bechtold S. Digital Rights Management in the United States and Europe. The American Journal of Comparative Law. Spring 2004. Vol. 52. Issue 2. Pp. 323–382. (In Eng.).
23. Bowles R. Digital Rights Management: The Librarian's Guide (Book review). Journal of the Medical Library Association. July 2018. Issue 106(3). Pp. 394–395. (In Eng.).
24. Galli F. Digital Rights Ireland as an Opportunity to Foster a Desirable Approximation of Data Retention Provisions. Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law. 2016. Vol. 23. Issue 3. Pp. 460–477. (In Eng.).
25. Jozwiak M., Anemaet L. and Hazenberg J. Editorial: Special Issue on Law and Governance in the Digital Era: Data Protection and Beyond. Journal of Intellectual Property, Information Technology and E-Commerce Law. 2016. Vol. 7 (3).
Special Issue. Available at: https://www.jipitec. eu/is¬sues/jipitec-7-3-2016/ 4508 (accessed 03.06.2019). (In Eng.).
26. Keren-Paz T., Cockburn T. & El Haj A. Regulating Innovative Treatments: Information, Risk Allocation and Redress. Law, Innovation and Technology. 2019. Vol. 11. Issue 1. Pp. 1–16. (In Eng.).
27. Mathiesen K. Human Rights for the Digital Age. Journal of Mass Media Ethics. 2014. Vol. 29. Issue 1. Pp. 2–18. (In Eng.).
28. Sethia A. Rethinking Admissibility of Electronic Evidence. International Journal of Law and Information Technology. Autumn 2016. Vol. 24. Issue 3. Pp. 229–250. (In Eng.).
29. Thorgaard Bitten Sorensen. Digitalisation: An Opportunity or a Risk? Journal of European Competition Law & Practice. June 2018. Vol. 9. Issue 6. Pp. 349–350. (In Eng.).

Received: 27.06.2019
Financing: The research was conducted with the financial support of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research as part of the research project No. 18-29-16147 mk

 


     

      

 
The Perm State University
614990, Perm, street Bukireva, 15
+7 (342) 2 396 275
vesturn@yandex.ru
ISSN 1995-4190 ISSN (eng.) 2618-8104
ISSN (online) 2658-7106
DOI 10.17072/1995-4190
(с) Editorial board, 2010
The magazine is registered in Federal Agency of supervision in sphere of communication and mass communications.
The certificate on registration of mass media ПИ № ФС77-33087 from September, 5th, 2008
The certificate on reregistration of mass media ПИ № ФС77-53189 from Marth, 14th, 2013

The magazine is included in List ВАК and in the Russian index of scientific citing

The founder & Publisher: the State educational institution of the higher training
“The Perm State University”.
Publishing 4 times a year