Perm University Herald. Juridical Sciences. 2016. Issue 2 (32)

Title: THE PRINCIPLE OF SPECIFIC PERFORMANCE OF OBLIGATIONS: ITS ESSENCE AND ROLE AT THE PRESENT STAGE OF THE CIVIL LEGISLATION DEVELOPMENT IN THE REPUBLIC OF TAJIKISTAN
Authors: Nusratulloyev B.K.
Russian-Tajik Slavonic University
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ORCID: 0000-0001-5554-0176 ResearcherID: E-7628-2016
«Scopus» & «Web of Science» article: --- 
Requisites: Nusratulloev B. K. Sushchnost’ i rol’ printsipa real’nogo ispolneniya obyazatel’stv na sovremennom etape stanovleniya grazhdanskogo zakonodatel’stva Respubliki Tadzhikistan [The Principle of Specific Performance of Obligations: its Essence and Role at the Present Stage of the Civil Legislation Development in the Republic Of Tajikistan]. Vestnik Permskogo Universiteta. Juridicheskie Nauki – Perm University Herald. Juridical Sciences. 2016. Issue 32. Pp. 231–238. (In Russ.). DOI: 10.17072/1995-4190-2016-32-231-238
DOI: 10.17072/1995-4190-2016-32-231-238
Annotation: Introduction: the article deals with the essence of the obligation specific performance principle and its role in the development of legislation in the Republic of Tajikistan. Purpose: the author analyzes and compares various approaches to defining the legal essence of the principle of specific performance of a contract. Methods: the following methods form the methodological basis of this research: a dialectical method, synthesis, analysis, a comparative legal method, and a system approach. Results: the author believes that rules should be established by legislation according to which specific performance of an obligation is first of all expressed in committing acts which constitute its subject. In the conditions of commodity-money relations, it is important for the creditor to get from the debtor the whole volume of the outstanding obligation. The main aim of the obligation specific performance principle must be to provide the creditor with one of the ways to protect his legal rights and interests so he has the right to compel the debtor to execution of his contractual obligations until the moment the creditor prefers his interests to be satisfied by means of pecuniary indemnity. Thus, the essence of the obligation specific performance principle has to be expressed in the establishment of a possibility for the creditor to use compulsion against the debtor. The possibility of compulsory execution has to only be acknowledged for the creditor. It means that the subject of the obligation remains invariable until the creditor agrees to terminate the contract and receive pecuniary indemnity. Conclusions: in the conditions of market economy, when the autonomy of will of the parties in economic relations is proclaimed to be the basic principle of civil law, bilateral obligatory application of the obligation specific performance principle has no right to existence.
Keywords: principles of performance; specific performance; debtor; creditor; contract; civil legislation of the Republic of Tajikistan; autonomy of will; subject of a contract
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