Perm University Herald. Juridical Sciences. 2016. Issue 2 (32)

Title: EVOLUTION OF CREDITORS' RIGHTS IN RELATIONS WITH SUCCESSORS WHO HAVE ACCEPTED SUCCESSION
Authors:

Komissarova E.G. 
Perm State University

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ORCID: 0000-0003-4257-5673 ResearcherID: E-9302-2016
«Scopus» & «Web of Science» article:      

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Permyakov A.V.
Tyumen State University

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ORCID: 0000-0003-4541-6846 ResearcherID: E-4642-2016
«Scopus» & «Web of Science» article:      

10.1163/15730352-00000024in

Requisites: Komissarova E. G., Permyakov A. V. Evolyutsiya kreditorskikh prav v otnosheniyakh s naslednikami, prinyavshimi nasledstvo [Evolution of Creditors’ Rights in Relations with Successors Who Have Accepted Succession]. Vestnik Permskogo Universiteta. Juridicheskie Nauki – Perm University Herald. Juridical Sciences. 2016. Issue 32. Pp. 185–192. (In Russ.). DOI: 10.17072/1995-4190-2016-32-185-192
DOI: 10.17072/1995-4190-2016-32-185-192
Annotation: Introduction: the article considers the unbalanced attitude towards different creditors of a testator that is present in legislation, the absence of rules governing relations with participation of several creditors, who get into the state of competition in case inheritance is insufficient, and the lack of doctrinal foundation for these questions. Purpose: to carry out a scientific theoretical comparative analysis of different creditors’ rights aimed at the satisfaction of their claims at the expense of inheritance. Methods: the author usesgeneral scientific methods of analysis, generalization, comparison, description, interpretation, as well as methods specific to legal science: formal legal method and legal comparison. Results: the legal analysis of regulations on liability for a testator’ s debts has allowed us to reveal terminological disagreements in regulation of the “debt relations” and lack of a visible legislative concept concerning these questions. Until recently, the legislator has been mainly guided by the generalized concept of successors’ rights protection, while the question of creditors’ rights having claims to inheritance has been mainly solved by default. A part of questions were withdrawn due to the legislative innovations introduced into the Civil Code of the Russian Federation with the adoption of the 5th section and recent changes in the bankruptcy legislation. However, the question of certain creditors’ rights being unbalanced has not lost its edge. The absence of consistency and sufficiency in legal regulation of relations connected with questions of liability for a testator’ s debts results in difficulty in realization of rights and legitimate interests of a testator’ s creditors and their protection. Conclusions: in order to formulate the legislative concept concerning rights of a testator’ s creditors, it is necessary to perform a theoretical analysis of the last legislative innovations connected with inheritance bankruptcy. The innovations should be first of all analyzed in terms of the ratio between this concept and the subject and content of legal regulation of both relations within the institute of bankruptcy and relations connected with a testator’ s debts.
Keywords: hereditary succession; claims of creditors; inheritance, testator’ s debts; responsibility of successors; bankruptcy of the deceased; personification of the inheritance
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