Perm University Herald. Juridical Sciences. 2017. Issue 1 (35)

Title: COMPARATIVE LEGAL STUDIES OF LEGAL LIABILITY: SPECIFIC FEATURES
Authors:

Kuz'min I.A. 
Irkutsk Law Institute (Branch),
Academy of the Prosecutor General's Office of the Russian Federation

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ORCID: 0000-0002-6478-6028 ResearcherID: J-2992-2016
«Scopus» & «Web of Science» article:      

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Requisites: Kuz'min I. A. Spetsifika sravnitel'no-pravovykh issledovaniy yuridicheskoy otvetstvennosti [Comparative Legal Studies of Legal Liability: Specific Features]. Vestnik Permskogo Universiteta. Juridicheskie Nauki – Perm University Herald. Juridical Sciences. 2017. Issue 35. Pp. 6–15. (In Russ.). DOI: 10.17072/1995-4190-2017-35-6-15
DOI: 10.17072/1995-4190-2017-35-6-15
Annotation:

Introduction: modern methodology of legal studies is a basis and the main condition of achieving the truth in the process of scientific cognition of the state and legal reality. Comparative legal study on the key categories of law, including that of legal liability, requires relevant strategy and methods. It is impossible to move ahead and steadily develop a legal thought without proper understanding of the essence and content of comparative legal studies on legal liability constructive elements. Purpose: to reveal the most common specific features and peculiarities of comparative studies in respect of a theoretical structure (model) of legal liability as a central category of law, as well as to develop a general method of comparative legal studies on legal liability hereon. Methods: general scientific (dialectical method with logical techniques implied) and specific legal (formal legal, comparative legal, systemic legal, legal modeling and others) methods of obtaining knowledge in accordance with the subject-oriented scientific worldview have been applied. Results: legal liability is one of the key categories of legal science, studied as part of a special theory of legal liability and based on objective grounds. Specificity of comparative legal studies in the field of the legal liability theory is determined by factors of various levels. Generalization of knowledge about the theoretical structure of legal liability (which is characterized by means of a number of special legal methods) lets us to develop an appropriate research method that takes into account general theoretical, branch and national legal aspects of legal liability, as well as to expand the possibility of further development and qualitative improvement of legal doctrine and practice. Conclusions: comparative legal studies of legal liability depend on objective grounds (existence) of the given category and a whole range of factors which should be considered in the process of scientific work and form the basis for methods of legal liability comparative study.

Keywords: methodology; comparative legal studies; object of study; subject of study; legal liability; theory of legal liability; structure of legal liability; methods
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