Issue 1 (19) 2013

Vinichenko_NEIGHBOR LAW AND PROPERTY LAW: Interrelation Issue (historic-legal research)

NEIGHBOR LAW AND PROPERTY LAW:
Interrelation Issue (historic-legal research)

Yu.V. Vinichenko

Baikal State University of Economics and Law
11, Lenin str., Irkutsk, 664003
E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Article is devoted to the historic-legal analysis of the norms of the socalled neighbor rights, which are one of the potential novels of the Russian civil law and which formulated in the draft federal law on amendments to the Civil Code of the Russian Federation as a restriction of the right of property in favor of neighbors. Thinking that the result of this design the norms of the neighbor law are only "logical continuation" of the institution of property law, the author consistently proves the thesis that there is no ontological connection between the neighbor law and the property law. In particular, it is noted that the origin of the Institute of property law can not speak before fixing in law the concept of "property law", and points out that in Russia it only happens at the end of XVIII century. In this case, on the basis of analysis of the sources of Russian law and the doctrine is proved that the rules relating to neighborhood relations existed in domestic law and in the periods in which the institution of private property law of land in Russia was absent (up to the XVIII century, the "Soviet" period ). As a consequence, critically evaluated of the planned fixation of the norms of the neighbor law in the RF Civil Code in the section of property law.

In addition, considered the issue of the origin norms of the neighbor law. It is noted that their appearance is the result of emergence of neighborhood relations in society that began to emerge as a result of the transition from the primitive community to the neighbor's farming community. Based on the fact that the hallmark of the neighborhood community was the presence of an individual property, it is concluded that the individualization of real estate, ie, actual assignment of property by individual members of the team should be considered the main factor responsible for the appearance of neighbor law norms. At the same time emphasizes that individualization of real estate is not the same law of private property.


 Keywords: neighborhood relations; neighbor law; property law; restrictions of property rights; the right to participate


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