Perm University Herald. Juridical Sciences. 2017. Issue 3 (37)


I. V. Ponkin,
Institute of Public Administration and Civil Service of the Russian
Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
ORCID: 0000-0003-4438-6649 ResearcherID: D-3414-2016
Статьи автора в БД «Scopus» и «Web of Science»:      



A. I. Redkina
Kutafin Moscow State Law University (MSAL)

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
ORCID: 0000-0002-0485-0171 ResearcherID: D-3512-2016
Статьи автора в БД «Scopus» и «Web of Science»:      


Requisites: Ponkin I. V., Redkina A. I. Klassifikatsiya kak metod nauchnogo issledovaniya, v chastnosti v yuridicheskoy nauke [Classification as a Method of Scientific Research, Particularly in Jurisprudence]. Vestnik Permskogo Universiteta. Juridicheskie Nauki – Perm University Herald. Juridical Sciences. 2017. Issue 37. Pp. 249–259. (In Russ.). DOI: 10.17072/1995-4190-2017-37-249-259
DOI: 10.17072/1995-4190-2017-37-249-259

Introduction: this paper considers issues related to the definition of the role and importance of classification as a method of scientific cognition, the concept and nature of classification as a whole and as a method of scientific cognition, issues related to the objectives of using the classification method when conducting research, and different types of classifications. Purpose: to analyze various scientific approaches to the definition, role and importance of classification in scientific research, including in jurisprudence. Methods: the study is based on a set of methods of scientific cognition, including the methods of analysis, synthesis, induction and deduction, comparative method, and method of classification. Results: the authors suggest their own definitions for the notion of classification and the notion of order, for which classification acts as a method of formation and/ or reflection; elements of the classification method are also specified. Conclusions: the paper defines the place of classification as one of the stages of
scientific research, as well as requirements for classification.

Keywords: classification; ordering; systematization; scientific cognition; research method; scientific method; scientific concept; order; taxonomy
  download the full-version article

1. Borges J. L. Novye rassledovaniya: Proizvedeniya 1942–1969 godov [New Investigations: Works of 1942–1969]. St. Petersburg, 2000. Vol. 2. 846 p. (In Russ.).
2. Gusarev V. D., Tikhomirov O. D. Yuridi-cheskaya deontologiya (Osnovy yuridicheskoy deyatel'nosti): Uchebnoe posobie [Legal Deontology (Fundamentals of Legal Activity): Tutorial]. Kiev, 2005. 655 p. (In Russ.).
3. Jeffrey C. Biologicheskaya nomenklatura [Biological Nomenclature: Transl. from English]. Moscow, 1980. 120 p. (In Russ.).
4. Zverev N. Osnovaniya klassifikatsii gosudarstv v svyazi s obshchim ucheniem o klassifikatsii [Grounds for Classification of States in View of the General Doctrine of the Classification]. Moscow, 1883. 388 p. (In Russ.).
5. Kedrov B. M. Klassifikatsiya [Classification]. Filosofskaya ehntsiklopediya [Philosophical Encyclopedia]. Vol. 2. Moscow, 1962. 575 p. (In Russ.).
6. Kondakov N. I. Logicheskiy slovar' [Logic Dictionary]. Moscow, 1971. 656 p. (In Russ.).
7. Losskij N. O. Logika [Logics]. Pt. I. Petrograd, 1922. 226 p. (In Russ.).
8. Mejen S. V., Shrejder Yu. A. Metodologicheskie aspekty teorii klassifikatsii [Methodological Aspects of Classification Theory]. Voprosy filosofii – Voprosy Filosofii. 1976. No. 12. Pp. 67–79. (In Russ.).
9. Ponkin I. V. Teoriya gosudarstvennogo upravleniya: soderzhanie ponyatiya "poryadok" [Public Administration Theory: the Content of the Concept "Order"]. Administrativnoe pravo i process – Administrative Law and Procedure. 2016. No. 11. Pp. 8–10. (In Russ.).
10. Rozova S. S. Klassifikatsionnaya problema v sovremennoy nauke [The Classification Problem in the Modern Science]. Novosibirsk, 1986. 224 p. (In Russ.).
11. Ruzavin G. I. Metody nauchnogo issledovaniya [Methods of Scientific Research]. Moscow, 1974. 239 p. (In Russ.).
12. Strogovich M. S. Logika [Logics]. Moscow, 1949. 362 p. (In Russ.).
13. Subbotin A. L. Klassifikatsiya [Classification]. Moscow, 2001. 94 p. (In Russ.).
14. Syrykh V. M. Podgotovka dissertatsiy po yuridicheskim naukam: nastol'naya kniga soiskatelya [Preparing Dissertations on Legal Sciences: Handbook for an Applicant]. Moscow, 2012. 499 p. (In Russ.).
15. Filosofskiy entsiklopedicheskiy slovar' / Gl. red.: L. F. Il'ichev, P. N. Fedoseev, S. M. Ko¬valev, V. G. Panov [Philosophical Encyclopedic Dictionary; ed. by L. F. Il'ichev, P. N. Fedo¬seev, S. M. Kovalev, V. G. Panov]. Moscow, 1983. 840 p. (In Russ.).
16. Shreyder Yu. A. Logika klassifikatsii [Logics of Classification]. Nauchno-tekhnicheskaya informatsiya – Scientific and Technical Information. Ser. 1. 1973. No. 5. Pp. 3–7. (In Russ.).
17. Yakushin B. Klassifikatsiya [Classification]. Filosofskaya entsiklopediya [Philosophical Encyclopedia]. Vol. 2. Moscow, 1962. Pp. 523–525. (In Russ.).
18. An A. Classification methods. Encyclopedia of Data Warehousing and Mining, Idea Group Inc. 2005. Pp. 144–149. Available at: http://www.cs. (accessed 27.02.2017). (In Eng.).
19. Batley S. Classification in Theory and Practice. Second edition. Oxford: Elsevier; Chandos Publishing, 2014. xvii; 195 p. (In Eng.).
20. Chakravarty S. K. Business Statistics. New Delhi: New Age International Pvt. Ltd, 2016. 798 p. (In Eng.).
21. Ellwood C.A. Classification of Criminals. Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology. 1911. Vol. 1. No. 4. Pp. 535–548. (In Eng.).
22. Hall J. Some Basic Questions Regarding Legal Classification for Professional and Scientific Purposes. Journal of Legal Education. 1953. Vol. 5. Pp. 329–343. (In Eng.).
23. Hjørland B. Nine Principles of Knowledge Organization. Advances in Knowledge Organization. 1994. Vol. 4. Pp. 91–100. (In Eng.).
24. Kiang M. Y. A comparative assessment of classification methods. Decision Support Systems. 2003. No. 35. Pp. 441–454. (In Eng.).
25. Kothari C.R. Research Methodology: Methods and Techniques (Second Revised Edition). New Delhi: New Age International Publishers, 2004. xvi; 401 p. (In Eng.).
26. Mai J.-E. The modernity of classification. Journal of Documentation. 2011. Vol. 67. No. 4. Pp. 710–730. (In Eng.).
27. Pearson K. The Grammar of Science. New York: Meridian Books, 1957. xxx; 394 p. (In Eng.).
28. Tennis J. T. Ranganathan's layers of classification theory and the FASDA model of classification. Proceedings from North American Symposium on Knowledge Organization; ed. by R. P. Smiraglia. Vol. 3. Toronto (Canada), 2011. Pp. 185–195. (In Eng.). .

Financing: ---




The Perm State University
614990, Perm, street Bukireva, 15
+7 (342) 2 396 275
ISSN 1995-4190 ISSN (eng.) 2618-8104
ISSN (online) 2658-7106
DOI 10.17072/1995-4190
(с) Editorial board, 2010
The magazine is registered in Federal Agency of supervision in sphere of communication and mass communications.
The certificate on registration of mass media ПИ № ФС77-33087 from September, 5th, 2008
The certificate on reregistration of mass media ПИ № ФС77-53189 from Marth, 14th, 2013

The magazine is included in List ВАК and in the Russian index of scientific citing

The founder & Publisher: the State educational institution of the higher training
“The Perm State University”.
Publishing 4 times a year