Perm University Herald. Juridical Sciences. 2022. Issue 1 (55)

Title: ON THE ABSENCE OF STATE IDEOLOGY IN RUSSIA
Authors:

L. A. Musayelyan, Perm State University

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ORCID: 0000-0003-0134-5871
ResearcherID: 4762-2017
Articles of «Scopus» & «Web of Science»:       DOI: 10.17072/1995-4190-2015-2-156-175
DOI: 10.17072/1995-4190-2018-39-36-52
Requisites: Musayelyan L. A. K voprosu ob otsutstvii v Rossii gosudarstvennoy ideologii [On the Absence of State Ideology in Russia]. Vestnik Permskogo universiteta. Juridicheskie nauki – Perm University Herald. Juridical Sciences. 2022. Issue 55. Pp. 6–21. (In Russ.). DOI: 10.17072/1995-4190-2022-55-6-21
DOI: 10.17072/1995-4190-2022-55-6-21
Annotation:

Introduction: the article deals with the constitutional formula officially denying the presence of state ideology in Russia. Purpose: to investigate the issue of the absence of state ideology in Russia de jure and de facto; to identify the typology of modern Russian society, state, and law, the reasons for the absence of their essential characteristics in the Constitution of the Russian Federation. Methodology: the research is based on the fundamental principles of scientific philosophy – the principle of objectivity, the principle of development (historicism), the principle of universal interconnection, the principle of determinism, the principle of inconsistency, as well as general scientific methods of analysis and synthesis, induction and deduction. Results: the Constitution of the Russian Federation was adopted in the context of a deep socio-economic and political crisis and a split of the Russian political elite into irreconcilable groups that offered different ways of getting the country out of the crisis and different historical prospects for Russia. The new liberal elite, having defeated its political opponents in political and armed conflict, organized drafting and adoption of the Constitution of the Russian Federation in a short time in order to give legitimacy to the reforms planned. The liberal elite avoided ideologically and politically loaded vocabulary in their public speeches not to scare off the population when adopting the Constitution and carrying out reforms which were to result in the radical change of the type of society, state, and law. The same approach was used when developing the Constitution. The basic law of the country was created and adopted after the Cold War, when Russia found itself on the periphery of the world history and turned into an object of global neoliberal capital policy. The above factors determined the character, the design, and the contents of the Constitution of the Russian Federation. Conclusions: the Constitution was adopted in specific socio-economic and political conditions. It helped to avoid a disastrous civil war and to carry out economic and social reforms corresponding to the interests of the new elite of Russia and their western curators. As a result of the reforms, Russia was introduced into the economic, political, and cultural space of the global neoliberal capitalism managed from Washington. The country has actually lost its sovereignty and subjectivity. Modern Russia, unlike the Russia of the 90s, has ceased to be exclusively an object of global neoliberal capital. As a great power, Russia is bound to have its own state ideology that would express its national interests, fundamental needs, meaningful values, and a geopolitical strategy that would determine its historical prospects.

Keywords: ideology; state; state ideology; country; constitution; basic law; elite; reforms; law; Russian nation; national interest
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Received: 01.09.2021
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ISSN 1995-4190 ISSN (eng.) 2618-8104
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DOI 10.17072/1995-4190
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