Perm University Herald. Juridical Sciences. 2017. Issue 4 (38)

Title: THE DRAFT FEDERAL LAW ON SCIENCE – A NEW FORMAT OF LEGAL REGULATION OF SCIENTIFIC AND INNOVATION ACTIVITIES
Authors:

A. V. Gabov,
The Institute of Legislation and Comparative Law under the Government of the Russian Federation

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ORCID: 0000-0003-3661-9174 ResearcherID: Q-9357-2017
Статьи автора в БД «Scopus» и «Web of Science»:       ---

N. V. Putilo,
The Institute of Legislation and Comparative Law under the Government of the Russian Federation

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ORCID: 0000-0001-7148-5875 ResearcherID: Q-8777-2017
Статьи автора в БД «Scopus» и «Web of Science»:       ---
O. V. Gutnikov,
The Institute of Legislation and Comparative Law under the Government of the Russian Federation
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ORCID: 0000-0003-4596-5669 ResearcherID: Q-8559-2017
Статьи автора в БД «Scopus» и «Web of Science»:       ---
Requisites: Gabov A. V., Putilo N. V., Gutnikov O. V. Proekt federal’nogo zakona o nauke – novyy format pravovogo regulirovaniya nauchnoy i innovatsionnoy deyatel’nosty [The Draft Federal Law on Science – a New Format of Legal Re­gulation of Scientific and Innovation Activities]. Vestnik Permskogo Universiteta. Juridicheskie Nauki – Perm University Herald. Juridical Sciences. 2017. Issue 38. Pp. 385–399. (In Russ.). DOI: 10.17072/1995-4190-2017-38-385-399
DOI: 10.17072/1995-4190-2017-38-385-399
Annotation:

Introduction: the article provides a retrospective analysis of the legislation of the Russian Federation on science and presents a descriptive forecast of the changes that will arise from the adoption of the federal law “On Scientific, Scientific-Technical and Innovation Activities in the Russian Federation”. In the article, the main attention is paid to the formal legal description of the current legislation and the federal law currently under development, as well as to the questions being of great importance for the Russian legislation on science, namely: the legal status of a scientist, the system of scientific organizations and scientific infrastructure, the classification of types (fields) of scientific activities, science and innovation in terms of legal regulation etc. Purpose: based on the analysis of the current legislation and modern scientific doctrine, to justify the need to develop a draft of a new framework act in the sphere of science; to describe the system and structural changes in legislation that will follow its adoption. Methods: the research is based on the combination of the formal legal analysis applied to texts of legal acts and methods of system analysis, forecasting and modeling, as well as the comparative law method. Results: the article gives a description of the system of Russian legal acts on science. It also justifies the structure of the draft federal law “On Scientific, Scientific-Technical and Innovation
Activities in the Russian Federation” and content of its basic institutes. Conclusion: efficiency of the state policy in the scientific-technical sphere is characterized by the presence of the relevant legislation. This legislation should be consistent, receptive to aims, tasks and methods of the state strategic planning, should be in harmony with norms of other branches of legislation, and correspond to demands of Russian economy and international trends. The draft federal law “On Scientific, Scientific-Technical and Innovation Activities in the Russian Federation” meets these criteria, while the federal law currently in force “On Science and State Scientific-Technical Policy” was revealed to have some drawbacks.

Keywords: legislation on science; draft legal act; concept; innovations; scientist; scientific activities; fundamental research
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Financing: Настоящая статья содержит результаты исследования «Экспертное и организационно-техническое сопровождение процедур согласования проекта федерального закона "О научной, научно-технической и инновационной деятельности
в Российской Федерации"», проводимого при финансовой поддержке прикладных научных исследований (проекта) Министерством образования и науки Российской Федерации (уникальный идентификатор проекта RFMEFI60117X0012)

 


     

      

 
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