Perm University Herald. Juridical Sciences. 2017. Issue 2 (36)


Tagaeva S.N.,
Russian-Tajik (Slavonic) University

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
ORCID: 0000-0002-8831-9344 ResearcherID: S-4363-2016
Статьи автора в БД «Scopus» и «Web of Science»:      


Aminova F.M.
Russian-Tajik (Slavonic) University

ORCID: 0000-0002-9977-4537 ResearcherID: S-5199-2016
Статьи автора в БД «Scopus» и «Web of Science»:      


Requisites: Tagaeva S. N., Aminova F. M. Problemy primeneniya pravoporyadka k oslozhnennym «inostrannym elementom» otnosheniyam, voznikayushchim iz vspomogatel’nykh reproduktivnykh tekhnologiy [Legal Issues of Regulating Relations Arising from Assisted Reproductive Technologies Complicated by the “Foreign Element”]. Vestnik Permskogo Universiteta. Juridicheskie Nauki – Perm University Herald. Juridical Sciences. 2017. Issue 36. Pp. 192–202. (In Russ.). DOI: 10.17072/1995-4190-2017-36-192-202
DOI: 10.17072/1995-4190-2017-36-192-202

Introduction: this article discusses the problem of choice of law rules to govern relations arising as a result of the use of assisted reproductive technologies where a foreign element is involved. The article highlights the issues of conflicting norms arising due to the use of in vitro fertilization (IVF) and surrogate motherhood. The article states that the use of assisted reproductive technology demands solution to the issue of choosing competent rules of law for regulating contractual relations regarding IVF and surrogate motherhood, as well as for determining the origin of children born as a result of the use of the technologies mentioned. Purpose: to identify the issues of legal regulation of relations arising from the use of assisted reproductive technologies complicated by the “foreign element”, and to suggest ways of improving conflict rules regulation. Methods: the methodological framework of this work is based on the following methods of scientific cognition: dialectical, historical, formal-logical, analytical, statistical, comparative law, and also the method of classification. Conclusions: regulation of conflicting norms should be deve­loped through the use of in vitro fertilization subject to compliance with the international agreements and national legislation. The problems of conflicting norms arising from the use of assisted reproductive technologies can be solved by increasing the harmonization of law within the framework of regional organizations of countries. Eligibility of making appropriate amendments to the Kishinev Convention of 7 October 2002 “Convention on Legal Assistance and Conflicts of Law in Matters of Civil, Family and Criminal Law” is justified. Furthermore, the article reasons in favor of the use of autonomy of the free will of the parties (lex voluntatis) as the main conflict-of-law principle of regulating contracts in the field of assisted reproductive technologies.

Keywords: assisted reproductive technologies; child; foreign element; genetic relation; donorship; in vitro fertilization; artificial insemination; surrogate motherhood; autonomy of the free will of the parties; connecting factor; genetic parents
  download the full-version article

1. Ancukh N. S. Kollizionnye privyazki v brachno-semeynoy sfere: novye podkhody v zakono¬datel'stve stran SNG [Adherences in the Family Law Sphere: New Approaches in the National Legislation of the CIS Countries]. Zhurnal mezhdunarodnogo prava i mezhdunarodnykh otnosheniy – Journal of International Law and International Relations. 2013. No. 4. Pp. 13–16. (In Russ.).
2. Babkina E. V., Bayborosha N. S. Vozmozhnost' unifikatsii kollizionnykh voprosov brachno-semeynykh otnosheniy v ramkakh Sodruzhestva nezavisimykh gosudarstv [Possibility of Family Conflict Law Unification within the Common¬wealth of Independent States]. Aktual'nye problemy mezhdunarodnogo publichnogo i mezhdunarodnogo chastnogo prava: sbornik nauchnykh trudov – Current Problems of Public International and Private International Law: Collection of Scientific Papers. Minsk, 2010. Pp. 146–165. (In Russ.).
3. Il'ina O. Yu. Interesy rebenka v semeynom prave Rossiyskoy Federatsii [The Interests of the Child in the Family Law of Russia]. Moscow, 2006. 192 p. (In Russ.).
4. Mezhdunarodnoe chastnoe pravo. Inostrannoe zakonodatel'stvo [Private International Law. Foreign Legislation; ed. by A. I. Zhil'tsov, A. N. Muranov]. Moscow, 2001. 892 p. (In Russ.).
5. Nechaeva A. M. Semeynoe pravo: uchebnik [Family Law: textbook]. Moscow, 2008. 303 p. (In Russ.).
6. Filippov A. G. Nekotorye aspekty avtonomii voli v rossiyskom mezhdunarodnom chastnom prave [Some Aspects of the Autonomy of Will in the Russian Private International Law]. Moscow, 1998. Pp. 422–461. (In Russ.).
7. Dickens B. M., Cook R. J. Some Ethical and Legal Issues in Assisted Reproductive Technology: Ethical and Legal Issues in Reproductive Health. International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics. 1 July 1999. Vol. 66. Issue 1. Pp. 55–61. (In Eng.).
8. Diel A. Leihmutterschaft und Reproduktion-stourismus. Frankfurt am Main Wolfgang Metzner: Verlag, 2014. 282 p. (In Germ.).
9. Gürtin Z. B. Banning Reproductive Travel: Turkey's ART Legislation and Third-Party Assisted Reproduction. Reproductive Biomed. Online. 2011. 23. Pp. 555–564. (In Eng.).
10. Inhorn M. C., Patrizio P. Rethinking Repro-ductive "Tourism" as Reproductive "Exile". Fertility and Sterility. 2009. 92 (3). Pp. 904–906. (In Eng.).
11. Letherby G. Other Than Mother and Mothers as Others: the Experience of Motherhood and Non-Motherhood in Relation to "Infertility"and "Involuntary Childlessness". Women's Studies International Forum. May–June 1999. Vol. 22. Issue 3. Pp. 359–372. (In Eng.).
12. Whittaker A., Speier A. "Cycling Overseas": Care, Commodification, and Stratification in Cross-Border Reproductive Travel. Medical Anthropology. October 2010. 29(4). Pp. 363–383. (In Eng.).

Financing: ---




The Perm State University
614990, Perm, street Bukireva, 15
+7 (342) 2 396 275, +7 963 012 6422
ISSN 1995-4190
(с) Editorial board, 2010
Publishing 4 times a year
The magazine is registered in Federal Agency of supervision in sphere of communication and mass communications.
The certificate on registration of mass media ПИ № ФС77-33087 from September, 5th, 2008
The certificate on reregistration of mass media ПИ № ФС77-53189 from Marth, 14th, 2013

The magazine is included in List ВАК and in РИНЦ (the Russian index of scientific citing)

The founder: the State educational institution of the higher vocational training
“The Perm State University”.